Gamborg Andersen, G., Petrunin, V.V., Baurichter, A.
University of Southern Denmark, Physics Department, Odense, Denmark
We used FEMLAB (Finite Element Modelling LABoratory) for modelling heat propagation in 4 dimensions (time and the 3 spatial dimensions) after pulsed laser heating of non-isotropic materials during surface science experiments. As an example, the spatial and temporal evolution of a laser induced temperature jump in highly oriented pyrolytically grown graphite (HOPG) was calculated on a ns time ...
Mahecha-Botero, A., Elnashaie, S.S.E.H., Grace, J.R., Lim, C.J.
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of British Columbia, East Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada
COMSOL (formerly FEMLAB) is being utilized to solve partial differential equations simulating fluidized bed reactors as part of the development of a novel generalized fluidized-bed catalytic reactor model. Simulations are carried out to account for complex dynamic transport and hydrodynamic phenomena such as: heat and mass axial and radial anisotropic dispersion, temperature and pressure ...
Computational Dynamics Laboratory
Louisiana State University
Fluid and solute transport in hemodiafilter hollow fibers occurs through a non-trivial interaction of convection and diffusion, modulated by a number of factors that include the non-Newtonian behavior of blood, the density and viscosity dependence of blood on the local hematocrit and protein concentration, the Fahraeus-Lindquist effect on hematocrit, the osmotic effects of protein and partially ...
Confinement Loss Computations in Photonic Crystal Fibres using a Novel Perfectly Matched Layer Design
Viale, P., Février, S., Gérôme, F., Vilard, H.
IRCOM, CNRS UMR 6615, Limoges, France
To modelize infinite photonic crystal fibre (PCF) with 2D-finite-geometry mode solver, it is necessary to use a perfectly matched layer (PML). We have performed a new type of PML design to simulate propagation in PCFs. The results obtained with index-guiding PCFs are in very good agreement with previous theoretical published results. Our PML is quickly optimized. The link between MATLAB and ...
Bentz, D.N., Zhang, J., Bloomfield, M., Lu, J-Q., Gutmann, R.J., Cale, T.S.
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
One of the key issues in developing higher density microelectronics devices is the impact of the stresses induced by thermal expansion mismatches of the materials used. We have examined, using FEMLAB, the stresses due to interwafer copper interconnects embedded in multilayer structures created by bonding two wafers using an organic low-k dielectric glue, benzocylcobutene (BCB). This work ...
Deibel, J.A., Wang, K., Escarra, M.D., Mittleman, D.M.
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Rice University, Houston, TX, USA
The terahertz (THz) region of the electromagnetic spectrum (100 GHz to 10 THz) remained relatively unexplored until developments in ultrafast laser technology provided techniques for the generation and detection of THz radiation. Recently, simple metal wires were found to be effective terahertz waveguides that exhibited very low loss and dispersion. The THz radiation propagates along the surface ...
University of Applied Sciences Osnabrueck
With massive forming processes like rolling, extrusion and friction stir welding metal alloys are deformed in a hot solid state. Material flow under ideally plastic conditions can be modelled with computational fluid dynamics (CFD). This approach has advantages especially in case of large deformations. Material properties enter via a viscosity function, that can be related to the flow stress ...
Åberg, J., Vynnycky, M., Fredriksson, H.
KTH/Metallernas Gjutning, Stockholm, Sweden
This paper reports on progress in the implementation of COMSOL Multiphysics 3.2 to model thermal stresses in a three-dimensional solidifying shell, as occurs typically in the industrial continuous casting of copper, copper alloys and steel. Computer memory requirements prohibit a direct 3D numerical simulation of the temperature and the stresses. Instead, we use the fact that casting ...
Finite element modeling of the field enhancement phenomenon in nanoscale field emitters and field ionizers
Ramin Banan Sadeghian and Mojtaba Kahrizi,
Interest in nanoscale field emission and field ionization devices has been renewed in recent years. Several new materials and novel device concepts have been introduced with promising field emission (FE) and field ionization (FI) behavior. Among them vertical ZnO nanowires (ZnONW) exhibit unique FE properties at relatively low applied electric fields. Using FEMLAB, we employed finite element ...
Dynamic adsorption with FEMLAB, modeling breakthrough curves of gaseous pollutants through activated carbon beds
Joly, A.1, Volpert, V.1, Perrard, A.2
1 Institut Camille Jordan (ICJ), CNRS UMR 5208, Mathématiques, Université Claude Bernard Lyon, Villeurbanne Cedex, France
2 Institut de Recherches sur la Catalyse, CNRS UPR 5401, Villeurbanne Cedex, France.
The purpose of this presentation is to expose how to apply FEMLAB to model the dynamic adsorption through adsorbent columns and to use the results of the numerical simulations to interpret the experiments. The mathematical formulation of the phenomena leads to a system of two partial differential equations (mass balance and adsorption rate), which can be solved in most cases only after ...