Technical Papers and Presentations

Ici vous trouverez les présentations issues des Conférences COMSOL à travers le monde. Réalisées par des utilisateurs de COMSOL Multiphysics, ces présentations explorent tous les domaines actuels d'innovation. Les applications couvrent pratiquement tous les secteurs industriels et impliquet des phénomènes électriques, mécaniques, fluidiques et chimiques. utilisez la recherche rapide pour trouver les présentations les plus intéressantes dans votre domaine d'intérêt.

Improving Fuel Usage in Microchannel Based Fuel Cells

P. Fodor, and J. D'Alessandro
Dept. of Physics
Cleveland State University
Cleveland, OH

In this work a miniaturized fuel cell design based on microchannels, into which the liquid fuel and oxidizer streams are fed through T shaped connectors, is optimized for improved fuel usage. This particular design exploits the laminar nature of the fluid flow at small Reynolds numbers to keep the fuel and oxidizer confined in the vicinity of the corresponding electrodes without the need of a ...

Optimization of the Lithium Insertion Cell with Silicon Negative Electrode for Automotive Applications

R. Chandrasekaran, and A. Drews
Research and Advanced Engineering
Ford Motor Company
Dearborn, MI

The US Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC) has established goals for long term commercialization of advanced batteries for electric vehicle applications. In this work, a dual lithium-ion insertion cell with silicon as the negative electrode and an intercalation material as the positive electrode is modeled using COMSOL Multiphysics. Both are composite porous electrodes with binder, void volume ...

Simulating Performance and Species Crossover in a Vanadium Redox Flow Battery using COMSOL Multiphysics

E. Agar, K. Knehr, C. Dennison, and E. Kumbur
Electrochemical Energy Systems Lab.
Dept. of Mechanical Eng. and Mechanics
Drexel University
Philadelphia, PA

Vanadium redox flow batteries (VRBs) are a promising new energy storage technology designed for use in long term applications such as uninterruptible power supply and coupling with renewable energy sources (i.e. wind and solar). Crossover is the undesired transport of vanadium ions through the ion exchange membrane during operation and is a major factor limiting the overall efficiency and ...

Modeling Simulated Concrete Durability Problems with Double Layer Theory

H. Bernardes[1], M. Mancio[2], and P. Monteiro[3]
[1]Sao Paulo State University - UNESP, Ilha Solteira, SP, Brazil
[2]Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
[3]University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA

According to the Gouy-Chapman theory, a double layer structure appears on the surface of a solid particle, a gas bubble, a liquid droplet, or a porous body when it is placed into a liquid. In this work, a one-dimensional model of the electrochemical reactions has been developed in the COMSOL Multiphysics environment. The model accounts for solution chemistry, cell potential, and solves the ...

Simulation of Cyclic Voltammetry of Ferrocyanide/Ferricyanide Redox Reaction in the EQCM Sensor

H. Kwon, and E. Akyiano
Dept. of Engineering and Computer Science
Andrews University
Berrien Springs, MI

In this paper, the cyclic voltammetry behavior of Ferrocyanide/Ferricyanide, which is commonly used for electrochemical DNA detection experiment, was studied in the commercial EQCM-D setup (Q-sense) using the COMSOL Multiphysics. The model was established in a 3D geometry of QCM liquid cell. The simulation shows depletion of concentration of ferrocyanice following applied electrode potential. ...

A 2D Axisymmetric Electrodeposition Model

R. Pryor
Pryor Knowledge Systems, Inc.
Bloomfield Hills, MI

Electroplating is a vital technology widely employed for many technological applications ranging from decorative or anti-corrosion coatings to high precision nanotechnology passive electromagnetic cloaking devices. This 2D Axisymmetric Electroplating Model demonstrates one of the modeling methodologies that can be used to calculate the transient generation of a coating thickness of a deposited ...

Effect of Channel Width on Fuel Cell Performance Using 3D Modelling

R. Pushpangadan, S. S. Dimble, and S. P. Duttagupta
IIT Bombay
Mumbai
Maharasthra, India

A three Dimensional model of the PEM Fuel cell is implemented using COMSOL Multiphysics and the channel width is varied to study the performance.Effect of channel width on the performance of the cell is studied by varying the width of the channel and keeping channel width to rib ratio constant at 1. Rib width is the width of the GDL area which is not covered by the channel. All other parameters ...

Using Computational Multiphysics to Optimise Channel Design for a Novel PEM Fuel Cell Stack

F. A. Daniels[1], D. J. L. Brett[1], A. R. Kucernak[2], and C. Attingre[2]
[1]University College London, London, UK
[2]Imperial College London, London, UK

Polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells have significant potential as a source of clean, efficient energy production. This study presents a three-dimensional, non-isothermal, fully-coupled model of a PEM fuel cell with printed circuit board current collectors. The effect of the current collector design on transport phenomena and consequent cell performance is investigated. The model ...

Fluid Flow and Current Density Distribution in Large-area HT PEMFCs

G. C. Bandlamudi[1,2], C. Siegel[2], C. Heßke[1], and A. Heinzel[1,2]
[1]ZBT Duisburg, Duisburg, Germany
[2]University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany

High temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (HT PEMFCs) are very promising technologies when used in combined cooling and heating power (CCHP) systems. They are operated at 160°C, offering the possibility of high tolerance to fuel impurities and a possibility to use the heat generated for cooling and heating purposes, leading to higher total system efficiency. Employing a ...

Development of Tiny Fuel Cells for Micro-devices on the Basis of Simulation Results

S. Tominaka
International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics
National Institute for Materials Science
Japan

For the successful exploitation of microdevices such as microsensors, development of micro-power sources is strongly required. In this view, microbatteries and microfuel cells have been developed. Here the concept of on-chip fuel cells, which consist of all the components necessary for power generation integrated on a chip, is introduced. Then, in order to improve their performance, experimental ...

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