S.A. Lottes, and R.W. Lyczkowski
Argonne National Laboratory
The main focus of this paper is the modeling, simulation, and analysis of the CaBr2 hydrolysis reactor stage in the Calcium-Bromine thermochemical water splitting cycle for nuclear hydrogen production. One concept is to use a spray reactor of CaBr2 into steam. Given the large heat reservoir contained in a pool of liquid CaBr2 that allows bubbles to rise easily, using a bubble column for the ...
A. Machac , R. Henda , and B. Nilsson 
 School of Engineering, Laurentian University, Sudbury, ON, Canada
 Lund University, Sweden
Heat and mass transport phenomena in a tubular catalytic bed reactor are numerically investigated. A two-dimensional pseudo-heterogeneous model, accounting for transport in the solid and fluid phases, with axial and radial dispersions, is used to describe the reactor. The calculation results show the development of a hot spot in the reactor. The effects of inlet process conditions are ...
M.V. De Bonis, and G. Ruocco
CFDfood, DITEC, Università degli studi della Basilicata, Potenza
The present work exploits modelling of a heat exchanger single channel during the pasteurization of milk. A 2D computation has been performed with COMSOL Multiphysics showing the potential application to optimized geometries and for a variety of products of known biochemical evolution.
G. Carrieri, M. V. De Bonis, and G. Ruocco
CFDfood - DITEC, Università degli studi della Basilicata, Potenza, Italy
Heat related processing can have various effects on food and food ingredients. Besides the intended effects to improve safety and quality of the products, undesired changes, nutritional or toxicological, can also occur. In this area, acrylamide formation occupies an important role, as this molecule has been considered as a potential cause of cancer. The possibility that this molecule may be ...
A Finite Element Analysis on the Modeling of Heat Release Rate, as Assessed by a Cone Calorimeter, of Char Forming Polycarbonate
D. Statler, and R. Gupta
Mid-Atlantic Technology, Research and Innovation Center, South Charleston, WV, USA
Department of Chemical Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
During the pyrolysis and combustion of polymers, heat is released and is typically measured with a cone calorimeter to better assess the polymer’s flammability. Modeling heat release rate, as assessed by cone calorimetry, has not been extensively studied for char-forming polymers, such as, polycarbonate. Here we determine the heat release rate with the help of a one-dimensional transient finite ...
F. Zonfrilli, V. Guida, L. Scelsi
Procter & Gamble Italia, Pomezia, Roma, Italy
Powder detergents containing sodium percarbonate and bleach activators undergo chemical decomposition when exposed to high relative humidity. Controlling the moisture intake in finished product packs is therefore a fundamental need in order to guarantee product stability during the whole supply chain. In this paper we show how we have leveraged COMSOL Multiphysics capability in order to model the ...
Sulfur Deactivation Effects on Catalytic Steam Reforming of Methane Produced by Biomass Gasification
P. Sadooghi, R. Rauch
Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria
Sulfur, which is incorporated in the biomass structure, is released into the product gas during gasification as hydrogen sulfide. Hydrogen sulfide is known to deactivate nickel based steam reforming catalysts by chemisorption on the metal surface during steam reforming process. Desulfurization has a negative effect on the process efficiency therefore steam reforming has to be run without ...
J. Knox, K. Kittredge, R.F. Coker, R. Cummings, C.F. Gomez
NASA - Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA
“NASA\'s Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) program is pioneering new approaches for rapidly developing prototype systems, demonstrating key capabilities, and validating operational concepts for future human missions beyond Earth orbit” . Under the new Atmosphere Revitalization Recovery and Environmental Monitoring (ARREM) project , efforts are focused on improving current ...
S. Gunsekaran , R. C. Thiagarajan
ATOA Scientific Technologies Private Limited, Bangalore, India
Multiphysics Simulations of Physico-chemical and Biological Treatment of wastewater is increasing due to the demand for cost efficient plant design and utilization. Among the many processes, a thorough understanding of the settling behavior of an activated granular sludge in the secondary settler of an Effluent Treatment Plant (ETP) is critical for the plant designers to determine the efficiency ...
Alecci, M., Cammarata, G., Petrone, G.
Università degli Studi di Catania, Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale e Meccanica, Catania, Italia
A three dimensional numerical simulation of the fluid dynamics of a swirling gas jet is proposed in this study. In the present paper we discuss a three-dimensional numerical simulation of a turbulent swirling jet entering a combustion reactor. Swirl effect is obtained by introducing the flow through a specific device (swirler) characterized by a series of guided deviatory vanes, able to ...