Technical Papers and Presentations

Ici vous trouverez les présentations issues des Conférences COMSOL à travers le monde. Réalisées par des utilisateurs de COMSOL Multiphysics, ces présentations explorent tous les domaines actuels d'innovation. Les applications couvrent pratiquement tous les secteurs industriels et impliquent des phénomènes électriques, mécaniques, fluidiques et chimiques. Utilisez la recherche rapide pour trouver les présentations les plus intéressantes dans votre domaine d'intérêt.

Investigation of Hydraulic Fracture Re-Orientation Effects in Tight Gas Reservoirs

B. Hagemann[1], J. Wegner[1], L. Ganzer[1]
[1]Clausthal University of Technology, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany

In tight gas formations where the low matrix permeability prevents successful and economic production rates, hydraulic fracturing is required to produce a well at economic rates. As production from the well and its initial fracture declines, re-fracturing treatments are required to accelerate recovery. The orientation of the following hydraulic fracture depends on the actual stress-state of the ...

Groundwater Flow and Solute Transport Modeling in the SFR Nuclear Waste Repository

E. Abarca[1], A. Idiart[1], O. Silva[1], L.M. de Vries[1], J. Molinero[1], F. Vahlund[2], H. von Schenck[2]
[1]Amphos21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
[2]Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co., Stockholm, Sweden

The Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Company (SKB) operates the underground repository for low- and intermediate-level nuclear waste (SFR) located in Försmark, Sweden. An extension of the SFR is planned to accommodate mainly waste arising from the decommissioning of Swedish nuclear power plants. The long-term safety assessment for the SFR repository takes into account the future ...

Simulation of Novel Groundwater Lowering Technique using Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian Method

Y. Jin, E. Holzbecher, and P. Oberdorfer
Applied Geology
Geoscience Centre
Georg-August-University Göttingen
Göttingen, Germany

A novel method for groundwater lowering, which can be applied at construction sites, for aquifer remediation measures or in open mining, is proposed. In contrast to conventional techniques, dewatering is achieved without water conveyance. In this paper the physical concept of the new technology, referred as single borehole pump & inject, is modeled using COMSOL Multiphysics. Two and three ...

Finite Element Solution of Nonlinear Transient Rock Damage with Application in Geomechanics of Oil and Gas Reservoirs

S. Enayatpour[1], T. Patzek[1]
[1]The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA

The increasing energy demand calls for advances in technology which translate into more accurate and complex simulations of physical problems. Understanding the rock damage is essential to understanding the geomechanics of hydrocarbon reservoirs. The fragile microstructure of some rocks makes it difficult to predict the propagation of fracture in these rocks, therefore a mathematical model is ...

Groundwater Modeling as an Assessment Tool for Underground Mines Located in Fractured Massifs

J. Font-Capó[1], A. Nardi[1], M. Mendoza [2], E. Ruiz[2], S. Jordana[1], J. Molinero[1], P. Trinchero[1], J. Vargas[3]
[1]Amphos 21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
[2]Amphos 21 Perú, Lima, Perú
[3]Worley Parson/TWP, Lima, Perú

Some of the present metallic ores mines are located in areas formed by a heterogeneous fractured massif where groundwater flows preferentially through fractures. Underground mining in these zones can cause impacts in streams, lakes and change the natural water balance of the watersheds, leading to conflicts between traditional uses of water and the mining activity. Quantification of these ...

Safe Storage Parameters During CO2 Injection Using Coupled Reservoir-Geomechanical Analysis

T.I. Bjørnarå[1], E. Aker[1], and E. Skurtveit[1]
[1]NGI, Oslo, Norway

Safe short term storage of CO2 depends mainly on structural and solubility trapping. On longer term, mineral trapping is also contributing to the trapping of CO2. To be able to investigate the importance of these different storage mechanisms, a finite element model for simulation of CO2 injection has been developed in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The model describes and solves for two-phase flow ...

Poroelasticity Benchmarking for FEM on Analytical Solutions

E. Holzbecher[1]
[1]Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany

We examine the poroelastics mode, which couples hydraulics and mechanics by some basic benchmarks. For cases with analytical solutions we check the accuracy for changing meshes and calculate the convergence rate.

Modeling Horizontal Ground Heat Exchangers in Geothermal Heat Pump Systems

A. Chiasson
University of Dayton, Dayton, OH, USA

Geothermal heat pumps use the earth as a heat source and sink via a ground heat exchanger (GHX) that consists of a network of buried heat exchange pipes, which can either be installed in vertical boreholes or in shallow horizontal trenches or excavations. The main goal in GHX design is to determine the minimum length of pipe needed to provide adequate fluid temperatures to heat pumps over their ...

Coupled Palaehydrogeological Microbial and Geochemical Reactive Transport Model of the Olkiluoto Site (Finland)

P. Trinchero[1], M. Luna[1], J. Molinero[1], G. Román-Ross[1], F. Maia[1], A. Nardi[1], J. Löfman[2], P. Pitkänen[3], L. Koskinen[3]
[1]Amphos 21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
[2]VTT Energy, Finland
[3]Posiva Oy, Olkiluoto, Finland

Olkiluoto at Eurajoki has been selected as the final repository site for spent nuclear waste in Finland. This area has been affected, at regional scale, by land-uplift processes related to the ice withdrawal. These events have resulted in a complex and stratified heterogeneous hydrochemical system. The objective of this work was to develop a robust paleohydrogeological reactive transport (PRT) ...

Coupling Heat Transfer in Heat Pipe Arrays with Subsurface Porous Media Flow for Long Time Predictions of Solar Rechargeable Geothermal Systems

P. Oberdorfer[1], R. Hu[1], M. Azizur Rahman[1], E. Holzbecher[1], M. Sauter[1], P. Pärisch[2]
[1]Applied Geology, Geoscience Centre, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
[2]Institute for Solar Energy Research Hameln/Emmerthal (ISFH), Emmerthal, Germany

An increased share of renewable energies is regarded as an integral part of a strategy towards a sustainable future. With regard to the heat supply sector this may be achieved using solar thermal collectors or heat pump systems with borehole heat exchangers. During the last years solar thermal and geothermal systems have generally been installed separately. Now, several proposals are discussed in ...

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