Z. Jin Min
Special Materials Lab, DSO National Laboratories, Singapore
A design engineer is often targeted to find the design with the best performance within the constrains in the targeted operational environment. One example of this is the task of designing a lightweight muffler of any design to reduce the engine exhaust noise by 30dBA without any impact on engine efficiency.An FE package, good for such parametric studies, shall provide an open interface for users ...
Modeling Materials through a Phase Transition: Using COMSOL Multiphysics and Applying Physics First Principles Techniques
R. W. Pryor
Pryor Knowledge Systems, Inc., Bloomfield Hills, MI, USA
This paper presents a new phase transition model that is easily created and runs rapidly. It is designed so that the modeler can determine immediately the relative accuracy of the end result by use of the first principles of physics.Phase transitions are readily observable in many commonly utilized engineering materials. In fact, most modern devices and/or tools employ a phase transition in their ...
C. Hollenstein, and A. Howling
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland
Finite elements using COMSOL Multiphysics have been used to simulate the edge plasma in a large area capacitively coupled RF reactor. In order to reduce numerical difficulties simplified reactor edge geometries have been used. First results show the importance of electrostatic double layers within this plasma. In addition the non-uniform behaviour of the plasma sheath around convex and ...
I.Tomashchuk, P. Sallaman, and J.-M. Jouvard
Institut Carnot de Bourgogne, Université de Bourgogne, Le Creusot, France
In the case of electron beam welding of copper with stainless steel, two principal cases of welding pool morphology are possible: a droplet-like microstructure where the electron beam deviates to the copper side due to the thermoelectric effect, so the volume of molten copper is much bigger than steel, and an emulsion-like microstructure, volumes of melted materials are closely equal. Reproducing ...
A. El-Deib, F. Dawson, S. Bhosle, D. Buso, and G. Zissis
University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
LAPLACE-University of Toulouse, Toulouse, France
This work uses COMSOL to simulate the Dielectric Barrier Discharge (DBD) lamp coupled to the external electrical circuit. The coupled system is modeled to capture the effect of the electrical parasitic elements on the efficiency of the DBD which is more realistic as compared to previous trials which assumed that a perfect voltage source is applied to lamp terminals. The obtained results ...
TEL US Holdings, Inc., Albany, NY, USA
Recently, the advanced plasma tools have been using very high frequency power sources (>100 MHz) and their combination to excite plasma utilized in semiconductor technology. This approach is evoking the regimes that are less understood and currently a subject to many studies and experimental investigations. The paper describes quasi-stochastic approach applied for sheath properties and ...
Institute of Applied Mechanics, Poznan University of Technology, Poznan, Poland
An external magnetic field imposed on a ferrofluid with a temperature gradient, results in a non-uniform magnetic body force, which leads to a form of heat transfer called thermomagnetic convection. A magnet placed near the device will always attract the colder ferrofluid more than warmer. Viscous, two-dimensional, laminar and incompressible ferromagnetic fluid flow, under the influence of a ...
M. Benilov, and M. Faria
Departamento de Física, Universidade da Madeira, Funchal, Portugal
Current transfer from high-pressure arc plasmas to thermionic cathodes may occur in a diffuse mode, when the current is distributed over the front surface of the cathode, or in a spot mode, when most of the current is localized in one or more small areas. Spectra of perturbations of 3D steady-state current transfer to thermionic cathodes of a high-pressure argon arc have been computed in the ...
Electric Field Distributions and Energy Transfer in Waveguide-Based Axial-Type Microwave Plasma Source
H. Nowakowska, M. Jasínski, and J. Mizeraczyk[1,2]
The Szewalski Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery, Polish Academy of Sciences, Gdansk, Poland
Dept. of Marine Electronics, Gdynia Maritime University, Gdynia, Poland
In this paper, we examine changes of the electric field distributions in waveguide-based axial-type microwave plasma source (MPS) during tuning procedure. The distributions strongly depend on position of the movable short, so does the wave reflection coefficient of the incident wave. A method of determining tuning characteristics of the MPS consisting in treating the MPS as a two-port network, ...
H. Porteanu, and R. Gesche
Ferdinand-Braun-Institut für Höchstfrequenztechnik, Berlin, Germany
Microplasmas at atmospheric pressure are required in many applications, where treatments in normal ambient, with spatial resolution, are important. The interest on such miniaturized sources has increased due to the availability of a new generation of microwave sources based on high power GaN transistors. The present work deals with a simulation of the plasma formation after the application of the ...