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COMSOL-News-Magazine-2016

Simulated Rheometry of a Nonlinear Viscoelastic Fluid

A. Czirják[1], Z. Kőkuti[1], G. Tóth-Molnár[1], P. Ailer[2], L. Palkovics[2], G. Szabó[1]
[1]University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
[2]Kecskemét College, Kecskemét, Hungary

In certain cases, the accuracy of measurements with a rotational rheometer can be influenced by inefficient thermal management, by the heat generated in the sample, or by rod-climbing due to the Weissenberg effect. We investigate the effect of these phenomena with simulations in COMSOL Multiphysics®. Our model is based on the axial symmetric (2D) formulation of the two-phase flow with the ...

Radiation Force Effect at the Dielectric Water-Air Interface - new

G. V. B. Lukasievicz[1], N. G. C. Astrath[2], L. C. Malacarne[2], M. L. Baesso[2], S. E. Bialkowski[3]
[1]Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná, Toledo, PR, Brazil
[2]Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Maringá, PR, Brazil
[3]Utah State University, Logan, Utah, USA

The radiation force effects on the surface displacement can be calculated by solving the Navier-Stokes equation with appropriated boundary conditions. The surface deformation can be described by the radiation pressure as well as those forces due to gravity and surface tension. We used the photomechanical mirror (PM) method to measure the time-evolution of the nanometer deformation generated on ...

COMSOL Simulations for Steady State Thermal Hydraulics Analyses of ORNL’s High Flux Isotope Reactor

P.K. Jain[1], V.B. Khane[2], J.D. Freels[1]
[1]Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
[2]Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO, USA

Simulation models for steady state thermal hydraulics analyses of ORNL’s HFIR have been developed using COMSOL. A single fuel plate and coolant channel of each type of HFIR fuel element was modeled in three dimensions. The standard k-? turbulence model was used in simulating turbulent flow with conjugate heat transfer. The COMSOL models were developed to be fully parameterized to allow ...

Numerical Investigation of Swirl Flow in Curved Tube with Various Curvature Ratio

A. Kadyirov[1]
[1]Research Center for Power Engineering Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Kazan, Russia

The influences of curvature effects and swirl intensities for Non-Newtonian viscous fluid flow in a curved tube have been numerically investigated by using COMSOL Multiphysics®. The twisted tape, which are located directly in front of the curved part, are used as swirl flow generators. The tape is twisted until it reaches an angle of 90 degrees and turns right. Swirling flow, getting into the ...

CO2 Storage Trapping Mechanisms Quantification

A. Nardi[1], E. Abarca[1], F. Grandia[1], J. Molinero[1]
[1]Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain

The capture and storage of CO2 in deep geological formations is one of the proposed solutions to reduce CO2 emissions to the atmosphere. CO2 is injected as a supercritical fluid deep below a confining geological formation that prevents its return to the atmosphere. In general, four trapping mechanisms are expected, which are of increasing importance through time: (1) structural, (2) residual ...

Modeling the Effect of Headspace Steam on Microwave Heating of Mashed Potato - new

J. Chen[1], K. Pitchai[1], D. Jones[1], J. Subbiah[1]
[1]University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, USA

Introduction: Domestic microwave ovens are widely used to heat food products, because of rapid and convenient heating. Nonuniform heating is the biggest issue in microwave heating process, which also causes food quality and safety issues. Microwave heating models are promising tools to assist in developing food products that deliver uniform heating. Due to intensive heating, moisture evaporation ...

Simulation of Air Flow Through Ventilation Ducts - new

E. Dalsryd[1]
[1]KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden

In this report I study the airflow through ventilation ducts. By numerical simulation, the so-called k-factor has been estimated. The k-factor is the quotient of the airflow volume and the square root of the pressure drop over the duct. A two dimensional axial symmetric model has been used to simulate an iris damper connected to a straight pipe. A three dimensional model has been used to ...

Virtual Functional Product Development of a µ-Methane Steam Reformer

T. J. Kazdal [1], M. J. Hampe [1],
[1] Technische Universität Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany

A micro steam methane reformer is a complex product consisting of multiple units. For the virtual functional product development it is necessary to validate these sub models separately. Therefore a reactor was designed to analyse kinetics of chemical reactions. The reactor design is based on a simulation geometry and the boundary conditions of the simulation were recreated in the experimental ...

Modeling Contact Line Dynamics in Evaporating Menisci

J. Plawsky[1], A. Chatterjee[1], and P.C. Wayner Jr.[1]
[1]Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York, USA

The Constrained Vapor Bubble is a fundamental fluid mechanics experiment that is scheduled to run aboard the International Space Station starting in August 2009. The experiment is focused on looking at evaporation and condensation processes at the contact line, where vapor, liquid and solid meet. Our goal is to understand how processes that occur on the macroscale affect the transport processes ...

CFD Analysis of Loss Of Vacuum Accident for Safety Application in Experimental Fusion Reactor Facility

C. Bellecci[1], P. Gaudio[1], I. Lupelli[1], A. Malizia[1], M.T. Porfiri[2], R. Quaranta[1], and M. Richetta[1]

[1]EURATOM, Faculty of Engineering, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Roma, Italy
[2]ENEA Nuclear Fusion Tecnologies, Frascati, Roma, Italy

In an experimental nuclear fusion facility dust is generated both during normal machine operations and by macroscopic erosion of the plasma facing materials due to intense thermal loads. This dust can be mobilized by air ingress in case of LOVA (Loss of Vacuum Accident) threaten safety of workers and public. A small facility, Small Tank for Aerosol Removal and Dust (STARDUST), was set up in ...