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Modelling of Melt Cast Cooling and Solidification Processes for Explosives

P. Lamy-Bracq[1] and C. Coulouarn[1]
[1]Nexter Munitions, Tarbes, France

A solidification process of casting explosives in shell is studied in this paper. An enthalpy method approach is used to model the solidification process. Both the thermal and mechanical effects are taken into account. An ALE (Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian) method is used to represent the physical deformation due to solidification. Results from the model are verified against experimental results. The impacts of different cooling conditions on the velocity, temperature and stress distributions, as well as on the solidification time, are discussed. The present model can be used to improve the quality of cast explosives, by optimizing and controlling the processing conditions.