University of Dayton, Dayton, OH, USA
Geothermal heat pumps use the earth as a heat source and sink via a ground heat exchanger (GHX) that consists of a network of buried heat exchange pipes, which can either be installed in vertical boreholes or in shallow horizontal trenches or excavations. The main goal in GHX design is to determine the minimum length of pipe needed to provide adequate fluid temperatures to heat pumps over their ...
M. Yang[1,2], R. O'Handley, and Z. Fang[2,3]
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
Ferro Solutions, Woburn, MA, USA
Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
A ferrofluid contains nanoscale ferromagnetic particles suspended in a carrier liquid. It is used in some high-power acoustic speakers to cool the drive coil. The ferromagnetic particles far from the heat source are attracted by the drive coil’s magnetic field. As the fluid approaches the heat source, its temperature rises, causing the nanoparticles to become paramagnetic. Cooler magnetic fluid ...
S. Kargar, and D. Bardot
University of Alabama, Huntsville, AL, USA
In this paper we compare the results from a bending cantilever beam experiment with the theoretical values and COMSOL finite element simulation results. In the experiment a simple cantilever beam with a hole is loaded at the end. Measurements are recorded by four strain gauges mounted on the beam, three near the hole and one at a location where the nominal stress is equivalent to that of a ...
J.S. Crompton, L.T. Gritter, S. Yushanov, K.C. Koppenhoefer, and D. Magyari
AltaSim Technologies, LLC, Columbus, OH, USA
Golden Acoustics, Detroit, MI, USA
The preferred acoustic response of recording studios, auditoriums and conference halls is to have an even energy response over the entire room and throughout full audio spectrum. This can be accomplished by using acoustic panels with complex surface structures that scatter acoustic waves and diffuse sound level variability over the room volume or through the use of sound absorbing materials to ...
S. Kumar, and M. Raju
General Motors R&D Center, Warren, MI, USA
Optimal CAE Inc., Detroit, MI, USA
Hydrogen refueling in a metal hydride based automotive hydrogen storage system is an exothermic reaction and hence an efficient heat exchanger is required to remove the heat for fast refueling. In this paper a helical coil heat exchanger embedded in a sodium alanate bed is modeled using COMSOL. Sodium alanate is present in the shell and the coolant flows through the helical tube. A three ...
H. Dillon, A.F. Emery, A. Mescher, and R.J. Cochran
University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
Applied CHT, Seattle, WA, USA
Students in engineering and science are often exposed early in their studies to non dimensional analysis. When it comes to solving fluid flow/heat transfer problems, many solutions, particularly industrial ones, are based on finite element/finite volume using dimensioned quantities. In order to compare to reference information one would like to use codes like COMSOL Multiphysics to solve non ...
J. Xiao, and D. Attinger
Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
Convective deposition is a material processing technique where an evaporating meniscus of a colloidal suspension is dragged along a solid substrate to deposit layers of micro or nanoparticles. The process is a typical multiphysics process where fluid dynamics, mass and heat transfer come into play in a small deforming domain. In this work, we describe an Arbitrary Lagrangian-Euler model ...
U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA
COMSOL is finite element modeling software capable of solving partial differential equations. This capability allows for the modeling of boundary value problems, which is necessary to the study of light and the properties of light propagation. For this study, we are modeling Fraunhofer diffraction of light using a solution of the Helmholtz equation with boundary values appropriate for ...
S.C. de Oliveira, E.P. de Deus, and A.M. Mont'Alverne
 Funcap/CNPq, CE, Brazil
 Universidade Federal do Ceara, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil
This paper presents a numerical analysis of indented pipes based on the Finite Element (FE) within the framework of COMSOL Multiphysics. Numerical models using two-dimensional solid plane strain elements are evaluated. Geometric nonlinear analysis, nonlinear isotropic hardening material and contact were also incorporated into the models. The numerical models are calibrated by using an ...
Naval Undersea Warfare Center, Newport, RI, USA
In order to transmit energy in one direction, sonar flextensional transducers are combined into arrays of elements that are spaced a 1/4 wavelength apart. The directionality (front-to-back pressure ratio) is a modest of 6 dB. A single projector that is 1/3 wavelength in size and capable of developing unidirectional beams with front-to-back ratios greater than 20 dB that is independent of sound ...