V. Rakesh, and A. Datta
Dept. of Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
Although microwave heating has been studied in great detail, microwave combination heating has not. This work investigated this in a novel microwave combination system that heats the sample through a combination of microwaves and hot air. The study used a coupled electromagnetics-multiphase porous media model in COMSOL to determine the effect of combining different heating modes on heating ...
J. Martinek[1,2], Stickler , Reichel, and Rattay
Department of Biomedical Engineering and Environmental Management, University of Applied Sciences Technikum Wien, Vienna, Austria
Institute for Analysis and Scientific Computing, Vienna University of Technology, Austria
Most simulations concerning electrical activation of human muscles are based on the modeling approach of Hodgkin and Huxley. Calculating the response of a muscle or nerve fiber membrane to an applied electrical field, needs to consider the “macroscopic”, extracellular potential distribution in the tissue surrounding the fiber, and the “microscopic”, intracellular ...
A.K. Dwivedi, R.M. Patrikar, R.B. Deshmukh, and G. Pendharkar
Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
Testing and verification is very important to increase reliability of a system. In water analysis its purity is verified using different test methods. Biosensors are very useful to detect the microorganisms present in water. This paper presents a method to detect E.coli bacteria in water depending upon the capacitance modulation in the presence and absence of E.coli cell, which is simulated in ...
A. Eed Olamat, U. Hofmann, B. Pohl, and N. Nkemasong
University of Lübeck, Institute for Signal Processing, Lübeck, Germany
In order to investigate the implantation of microprobes into brain tissue, we developed a finite-element and a physical model to replace real biological tissue for mechanical testing. Penetrating forces of a tungsten indenter into a layered structure was investigated with different indentation speeds. Numerical and physical model are in good correspondence to each other and reproduce measured ...
Modeling of Retinal Electrical Stimulation Using a Micro Electrode Array Coupled with the Gouy-Chapman Electrical Double Layer Model to Investigate Stimulation Efficiency
F. Dupont, R. Scapolan, C. Condemine, J.F. Bêche, M. Belleville, and P. Pham
CEA, LETI, Minatec, Grenoble, France
The electrical stimulation for retinal implant has known significant improvements in the last decades with many implantations and experimentations. The ability to create better controlled and adapted signals to increase the efficiency in stimulation is a major objective. The aim of this study is to develop a numerical platform based on COMSOL Multiphysics to simulate different waveforms. The ...
B.A. Wols[1,2], J.A.M.H. Hofman[1,2], W.S.J. Uijttewaal, and J.C. van Dijk
KWR Watercycle Research Institute, Nieuwegein, The Netherlands
Delft University of Technology, Niewegein, The Netherlands
Disinfection of drinking water is required to prevent the outbreak of water-borne diseases. Different treatment steps are available to disinfect the water, such as chlorination, ozonation or UV irradiation. The hydrodynamics of these processes play an important role in their performance. COMSOL Multiphysics was used to simulate the water flow in disinfection installations. Moreover, a particle ...
A.Torrents, N. Godino, F.J. del Campo, F.X. Muñoz, and J. Mas
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain
Microbia Fuel Cells (MFC’s) are complex environments where electrochemical, physical and biological aspects must be considered together. In this work we present a 1D model partially describing a Shewanella oneidensis MFC that degrade sodium lactate [lactate -> Acetate + CO2 + 2H+ + 2e-]. The model, simulated using COMSOL, focuses on pH implications of the MFC operation. Release of protons during ...
A Method for Efficient Calculation of Diffusion and Reactions of Lipophilic Compounds in Complex Cell Geometry
Kristian Dreij, Qasim Ali Chaudhry, Bengt Jernström, Ralf Morgenstern, and Michael Hanke
Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
School of Computer Science and Communication, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
A general description of effects of toxic compounds in mammalian cells is facing several problems. Firstly, most toxic compounds are hydrophobic and partition phenomena strongly influence their behaviour. Secondly, cells display considerable heterogeneity regarding the presence, activity and distribution of enzymes participating in the metabolism of foreign compounds i.e. bioactivation ...
Optimizing Performance of Equipment for Thermostimulation of Muscle Tissue using COMSOL Multiphysics
J. Kocbach, K. Folgerø, L. Mohn, O. Brix
Christian Michelsen Research, Bergen, Norway
Luzmon Norway, Bergen, Norway
Michelsen Medical, Bergen, Norway
The design challenge for thermostimulation equipment is to get a combination of high electric field strength and high temperature within the muscle tissue without causing pain or skin burns. In the present work, COMSOL Multiphysics is used to simulate the temperature distribution and electric field distribution within body tissue for varying body composition and varying design parameters of the ...
A. Avanzini, D. Battini, M. Berardi
Università degli Studi di Brescia, Brescia, Italy
The complex behavior of biological prosthetic heart valves was simulated. A multiphysics computational approach was adopted using different modules of COMSOL Multiphysics: the LiveLink(TM) interface was used to exchange the valve geometry with CAD, Structural Mechanics Module to set loads, boundary conditions and implement anisotropic hyper-elastic constitutive laws for leaflet tissue, PDE to ...