Technical Papers and Presentations

Ici vous trouverez les présentations issues des Conférences COMSOL à travers le monde. Réalisées par des utilisateurs de COMSOL Multiphysics, ces présentations explorent tous les domaines actuels d'innovation. Les applications couvrent pratiquement tous les secteurs industriels et impliquent des phénomènes électriques, mécaniques, fluidiques et chimiques. Utilisez la recherche rapide pour trouver les présentations les plus intéressantes dans votre domaine d'intérêt.

Material Characterization Method Development: From Education to Design Optimization

C. Morgan[1], N. Kenkare[1], M. Williams[2], A. Peterson[2], and D. Williams[2]
[1]Alcon Eye Care Division of Novartis R&D, Duluth, GA
[2]Alcon Eye Care Division of Novartis R&D and Georgia Institute of Technology Co-op Program, GA

Introduction of silicone hydrogel contact lens materials provided products of unprecedented capability to deliver oxygen to the eye during wear. One additional material characteristic of interest is the material’s permeability to ions. This paper discusses descriptive tools and optimization of an impedance method of characterizing ion permeability. A physical model of conductive paper with ...

Computer Simulation of Drug Release Kinetics of Mauran-Chitosan Nanoparticle in COMSOL

S. Raveendran[1], S. Sukuvihar[2], S. Kumar[1], and T. Maekawa[1]
[1]Tokyo University
[2]Senshin Technologies

• Bionanotechnology is a stream of modern science that deals with the study of biotechnology & nanotechnology applications. • Drug delivery applications as a key area of research attains more critical approaches where the role of nanoparticles are inevitable. • Biocompatible, non-cytotoxic hybrid mauran- chitosan nanoparticles has been synthesized and the drug release kinetics were ...

Design of Microneedle Array for Biomedicine

N. Mane[1], A. Gaikwad[1]
[1]Department of Instrumentation, Cummins College of Engineering, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Micro electro-mechanical system (MEMS) is rapidly growing area of interest for a broad spectrum of applications. One particularly fast-growing area is biomedical applications for micromaching technologies. One application of interest to the biomedical industry is the development of microneedles. MEMS technology brings new means for biomedicine field. Patch-based transdermal drug delivery offers ...

Solving Calcium Spatiotemporal Diffusion Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

L. Garber[1,2], G. S. B. Williams[2], W. J. Lederer[2]
[1]Fischell Department of Bioengineering, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, USA
[2]Center for Biomedical Engineering & Technology, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, USA

This project involves a simplified biological problem that was used to test the potential of COMSOL Multiphysics® software for cardiac myocyte spatial modeling. We made several assumptions to simplify the biological complexity and to highlight the geometrical structures (i.e., lack of sarcoplasmic reticulum, lack of contractile apparatus). We explored the role of the t-tubular network on ...

Microvascular Dysfunction in PAD Patients

K. Cluff[1], H. Mehraein[1], B. Jayakumar[2]
[1]Department of Bioengineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
[2]Department of Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA

Background: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is characterized by atherosclerotic blockages of the arteries supplying the lower extremities, which cause a progressive accumulation of ischemic injury to the skeletal muscles of the lower limbs. Despite revascularization treatment intervention some PAD patients require follow up secondary treatment due to a continued decline in limb function, ...

Simulations of Heat and Mass Transport During Biomass Conversion Processes Using 3D Biomass Particle Models with Realistic Morphology and Resolved Microstructure

P. Ciesielski[1], M. Crowley[1], L. Thompson[1], B. Donohoe[1], D. Robichaud[2], A. Sanders[3], M. Nimlos[2], T. Foust[2]
[1]Biosciences Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA
[2]National Bioenergy Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA
[3]Quantum Electronics & Photonics Division, National Institute of Standards & Technology, Boulder, CO, USA

Predictive simulations of biomass conversion processes will improve their technical performance and reduce economic uncertainty surrounding industrialization of biofuels production. The majority of present conversion simulations treat the biomass feedstock with simplifying assumptions that neglect important characteristics that are unique to biomass particles. These characteristics, including ...

Growth and Remodelling of Intracranial Saccular Aneurysms

A. Di Carlo[1], V. Sansalone[2], A. Tatone[3], and V. Varano[1]
[1]Modelling and Simulation Lab, Università Roma Tre, Roma, Italy
[2]Laboratoire de Mécanique Physique, Université Paris Est, Paris, France
[3]DISAT, Università degli Studi dell’Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy

We present a mechanical model a growing spherical shell suitable for predicting the evolution of a Saccular Cerebral Artery Aneurysms (SCAA). It relies basically on the Kröner-Lee decomposition, used to describe the interplay between the current and the relaxed configuration of body elements. Rupture or stabilization of a SCAA are the end effect of a number of biological mechanisms, still poorly ...

Stochastic Modeling of Biological Systems – Ranking the Model Parameters of the Human Vocal Folds

D. Cook[1]
[1]New York University, New York, USA

Computational models of biological systems are becoming more and more common in medical research areas. Evidence of this can be found by examining the number of articles containing the term “finite element” in the expansive National Institutes of Health (NIH) digital research archive PubMed. Numerical modeling of biological systems allows the execution of “computational ...

Bending of a Stented Atherosclerotic Artery

H.C. Wong[1], K.N. Cho[1], and W.C. Tang[1]

[1]Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of California, Irvine, California, USA

Atherosclerosis causes the deposition of plaque on the inner walls of arteries, which leads to restricted blood flow. Using the balloon angioplasty procedure, stents can be inserted and expanded in the atherosclerotic artery. We used COMSOL Multiphysics Structural Mechanics, Solid Stress-Strain module to perform static, large deformation analyses. Our results show that lower stent stresses were ...

The Effect of Cartilaginous Rings on Deposition by Convection, Brownian Diffusion and Electrostatics

H. Akerstedt
Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden

This paper presents a numerical study of the deposition of spherical charged nanoparticles caused by convection and Brownian diffusion in a pipe with a cartilaginous ring structure. The model is supposed to describe deposition of charged particles in the upper generations of the tracheobronchial tree of the human lung. The upper airways are characterized by a certain wall structure called ...

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