Articles techniques et présentations

Ici vous trouverez les présentations issues des Conférences COMSOL à travers le monde. Réalisées par des utilisateurs de COMSOL Multiphysics, ces présentations explorent tous les domaines actuels d'innovation. Les applications couvrent pratiquement tous les secteurs industriels et impliquent des phénomènes électriques, mécaniques, fluidiques et chimiques. Utilisez la recherche rapide pour trouver les présentations les plus intéressantes dans votre domaine d'intérêt.

Perforation Effect on a Rectangular Metal Hydride Tank for Hydriding and Dehydriding Process

E. Gkanas[1][2], S. Makridis[1][2], E. Kikkinides[1], A. Stubos[2]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Western Macedonia, Kozani, Greece
[2]Environmental Laboratory, Institute of Nuclear Technology and Radiation Protection, NCSR 'Demokritos', Agia Paraskevi, Athens, Greece

Hydrogen storage in a metal hydride bed, uses an intermetallic alloy that can absorb efficiently high amounts of hydrogen by chemical bonding resulting to metal hydrides. This alloy is capable of absorbing and desorbing hydrogen while maintaining its own structure. The heat, mass and momentum transfer in a metal-hydride reactor is mathematically described by energy, mass and momentum balance ...

Transport of Vocs through Bioflim in Biotrickling Filters

Balasubramanian P[1]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Realising the interlinkage of nature and engineering are of paramount essential while comprehending the basics of system’s performances. Application of biotechniques in air pollution control is one such emerging scientific area, where the understandings of these complex systems demand more utilisation of computing softwares. Recently, biofiltration is a versatile biological air pollution ...

Analyte Capture from Liquid Samples: Size Matters

M. Weber[1], M. Reed[1]
[1]Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA

Arrays of vertical pillars, Micro Purification Chips, have been widely used for analyte capture from liquid samples [Henderson et. al, 2006], [Toner et. al, 2007], [Stern et. al, 2010]. However exact understanding of the capture efficiency mechanisms has not been previously explained. Here we present a model in COMSOL Multiphysics® which calculates analyte capture efficiency based on initial ...

Modeling of an Oxygenation-Aided 3D Culture for Functional Beta-Cell Expansion

S. Jin[1], J. McReynolds[1], X. Li[2], J. Guan[2]
[1]Department of Biomedical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA
[2]Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA

Currently, researchers are looking for ways to mass-produce biologically functional pancreatic beta cells in vitro because of the shortage of donor tissue needed for diabetes cell therapy. The beta cells will become hypoxic if their high oxygen demands are not met. We hypothesized that the biological function of beta cells can be improved if they are cultured in a 3D collagen scaffold, which ...

Microvascular Dysfunction in PAD Patients - new

K. Cluff[1], H. Mehraein[1], B. Jayakumar[2]
[1]Department of Bioengineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
[2]Department of Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA

Background: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is characterized by atherosclerotic blockages of the arteries supplying the lower extremities, which cause a progressive accumulation of ischemic injury to the skeletal muscles of the lower limbs. Despite revascularization treatment intervention some PAD patients require follow up secondary treatment due to a continued decline in limb function, ...

Model Development and Implementation of a Membrane Shift Reactor

J. Völler[1], M. Follmann[1], C. Bayer[1], and T. Melin[1]

[1]AVT Chemical Process Engineering, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany

Low temperature fuel cells require hydrogen of high purity for electricity production to avoid catalyst poisoning. To purify hydrogenrich flue gases from hydrocarbon steam reforming membrane shift reactors with a metal membranes may be utilized. A model of a tubular membrane shift reactor with a hydrogenseparating palladium membrane is modeled in the COMSOL Multiphysics® Chemical Engineering ...

Reaction and Thermal Modeling of a Packed Bed Reactor for Hydrogen Storage

T. Williams1, K. Gazda1, A. Kindler2, Y. Huang2, D. Karner3, J. Read4
1GreenMountain Engineering, San Fransisco, CA, USA
2Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, CA, USA
3ETEC, Phoenix, AZ, USA
4ECOtality, Scottsdale, AZ, USA

Energy storage is an increasingly important area of research both for use in alternative transportation and to enable the widespread use of intermittent energy sources such as wind and solar energy. This paper presents a multiphysics model of a novel technology for hydrogen storage, in which hydrogen is stored in a packed bed of metal hydride and released by application of steam through a number ...

Pseudo 3-D Simulation of a Falling Film Microreactor

M. Al-Rawashdeh[1,2], V. Hessel[1,2], P. Löb[1], and F. Schönfeld[1]
[1]Institut für Mikrotechnik Mainz GmbH, Mainz, Germany
[2]Department of Chemical Engineering and
Chemistry, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands

Gas-liquid falling film microreactors carry out fast exothermic and mass transfer limited reactions. Since the major rate limiting steps occur on the liquid side, it is important to account for a realistic liquid film profile within the reactor simulation. Based on realistic channel geometry and liquid menisci profiles, we describe the liquid film thicknesses, flow velocities, species transport ...

Study of the CO2 Transfer Rate in a Reacting Flow for the Refined Sodium Bicarbonate Production Process

C. Wylock[1], A. Larcy[1], P. Colinet[1], T. Cartage[2], and B. Haut[1]
[1]Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium
[2]Solvay S.A., Brussels, Belgium

This work deals with the quantification of the CO2 transfer rate from a bubble to the surrounding liquid in a bubble column. A model is successfully developed using COMSOL Multiphysics. The validated model is used to study the enhancement influence of chemical reactions on the transfer rate. Moreover, the results of this study are compared with a classical 1-D approach and excellent comparison is ...

Analysis of Heat, Mass Transport, and Momentum Transport Effects in Complex Catalyst Shapes for Gas-Phase Heterogeneous Reactions Using COMSOL Multiphysics

A. Nagaraj[1], and P. Mills[2]

[1]Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX, USA
[2]Department of Chemical and Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX, USA

The global demand for sulfuric acid has been forecast to grow at an average of 2.6% per year from 2005 – 2010. The primary objective of this work is to analyze the performance of various heterogeneous catalyst shapes that have been proposed for the oxidation of SO2 to SO3 used in the manufacture of sulfuric acid. COMSOL Multiphysics provides a powerful numerical platform for simulation of ...

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