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Ici vous trouverez les présentations issues des Conférences COMSOL à travers le monde. Réalisées par des utilisateurs de COMSOL Multiphysics, ces présentations explorent tous les domaines actuels d'innovation. Les applications couvrent pratiquement tous les secteurs industriels et impliquent des phénomènes électriques, mécaniques, fluidiques et chimiques. Utilisez la recherche rapide pour trouver les présentations les plus intéressantes dans votre domaine d'intérêt.

Developments in a Coupled Thermal-Hydraulic-Chemical-Geomechanical Model for Soil and Concrete

S.C. Seetharam[1], D. Jacques[1]
[1]Performance Assessments Unit, Institute for Environment, Health and Safety, Belgian Nuclear Research Centre (SCK•CEN), Mol, Belgium

This paper documents current status in the development of a coupled thermal-hydraulic-chemical-geomechanical numerical suite within COMSOL-MATLAB environment to address soil and concrete applications. The mathematical formulations are based on well-established continuum scale models unifying mass conservation, energy conservation, charge conservation, thermodynamic equilibrium and kinetics and ...

Modeling of Transport and Reaction in a Catalytic Bed Using a Catalyst Particle Model

F. Allain, and A.G. Dixon
Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

A packed bed reactor consisting of spherical catalyst particles in a tube was simulated numerically. The steady-state pseudo-heterogeneous model consisted of a pseudo-continuum representation for the heat and mass transfer in the reactor tube. The reaction source terms were evaluated by explicitly solving a 1D spherical pellet model at each discretization point. The model implemented in COMSOL ...

Heat Transfer Modeling of Steam Methane Reforming

E. Carcadea[1], M. Varlam[1], I. Stefanescu[1]
[1]National Research Institute for Isotopic & Cryogenic Technologies, Rm.Vâlcea, Romania

Steam methane reforming is a widely studied process because of its importance for hydrogen production. A two-dimensional membrane-reactor model was developed to investigate the steam-methane reforming reactions. The use of membrane as membrane-reactor separator offer us few advantages because it help in continuously removing the hydrogen from the reaction zone, shifting the chemical equilibrium ...

Calibration of a Bio-Kinetic Model to Simulate Microalgae Growth - new

A. Solimeno[1], J. Garcia[2]
[1]Department of Hydraulic, Maritime and Environmental Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain
[2]Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain

The aim of present work is to present and calibrate a new mechanistic model that includes physical and biokinetic processes to reproduce the algae growth in photobioreactor or ponds during long-term scenarios. A COMSOL Multiphysics® model is used to implement the microalgae processes mainly based on River Water Quality Model 1 (RWQM1) (Reichert et al., 2011). The main innovation of the model is ...

Finite Element Study of the Mass Transfer in Annular Reactor - new

Y. M. S. El-Shazly[1], S. W. Eletriby[1]
[1]Alexandria University, Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt.

The annular reactor is a very useful design to carry many chemical reactions. In this study, COMSOL Multiphysics® software was used to study the isothermal mass transfer from the inner side of the outer tube of the annular reactor in the range of 200

Modeling the Vanadium Oxygen Fuel Cell

F.T. Wandschneider[1], M. Küttinger[1], P. Fischer[1], K. Pinkwart[1], J. Tübke[1], H. Nirschl[2]
[1]Fraunhofer-Institute for Chemical Technology, Pfinztal, Germany
[2]Karlsruhe Institute for Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany

A two-dimensional stationary model of a vanadium oxygen fuel cell is developed in COMSOL Multiphysics®. This energy storage device combines a vanadium flow battery anode and an oxygen fuel cell cathode. The oxygen reduction reaction generates additional water, leading to a degradation of the catalyst performance over time. A logistic function is introduced to the Butler-Volmer equation in order ...

Transport-Kinetic Interactions for SO2 Oxidation to SO3 in Particulate and Monolith Catalysts - new

P. L. Mills[1], A. Nagaraj[2]
[1]Department of Chemical & Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX, USA
[2]Department of Environmental Engineering, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX, USA

Introduction: Development of next-generation chemical processes that have zero emissions is a key environmental objective for sustainable development. The manufacture of H2SO4 by the air oxidation of SO2 to SO3 is an important technology where an opportunity exists for new catalyst development and process innovation by reducing emissions of unconverted SO2 in process reactor tail gases owing to ...

Modeling Bioelectrochemical Systems for Waste Water Treatment and Bioenergy Recovery with COMSOL Multiphysics®

T. Oyetunde[1], D. Ofiteru[1], J. Rodriguez[1]
[1]Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

Most conventional wastewater treatment processes are quite energy-intensive. Global wastewater production is increasing due to growth in population, industrialization, and urbanization, creating an urgent need for energy-efficient wastewater treatment technologies. Moreover, waste streams (industrial and domestic) have drawn renewed interest as resources for water, energy, and product recovery. ...

CFD Modeling and Analysis of a Planar Anode Supported Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell - new

N. Lemcoff[1], M. Tweedie[2]
[1]Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Hartford, Hartford, CT, USA
[2]Enthone, West Haven, CT, USA

A planar anode-supported intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell operating on syngas fuel at 750°C was analyzed in this study. The effects of varying syngas fuel inlet compositions on species and temperature distributions, water gas shift reaction rate, potential for carbon formation and electrochemistry were considered. A 2-D COMSOL® model was developed which included separate defined ...

Sulfur Deactivation Effects on Catalytic Steam Reforming of Methane Produced by Biomass Gasification

P. Sadooghi[1], R. Rauch[1]
[1]Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria

Sulfur, which is incorporated in the biomass structure, is released into the product gas during gasification as hydrogen sulfide. Hydrogen sulfide is known to deactivate nickel based steam reforming catalysts by chemisorption on the metal surface during steam reforming process. Desulfurization has a negative effect on the process efficiency therefore steam reforming has to be run without ...