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MCA 动脉瘤血流动力学分析

刘孟杰 [1], 付芳芳 [2], 李萌 [1]
[1] 郑州大学,郑州,河南,中国
[2] 郑州大学附属省人民医院,郑州,河南,中国

动脉瘤破裂是引起蛛网膜下腔出血的一种主要原因。结合 COMSOL Multiphysics® 灵活的几何建模特性以及强大的流体仿真求解能力,本文分别对两组不同大小关系的 MCA 动脉瘤理论模型进行了仿真建模分析。通过模拟分析,获得了动脉瘤球囊体长度和宽度与动脉瘤基底宽度不同比例条件下的动脉瘤速度、压力、壁面切应力(WSS)等参数的变化规律,分析了几何形态与动力学参数之间的关系。模拟结果显示:1、宽颈动脉瘤,瘤体内部旋流强度较之窄颈动脉瘤更强,中心区流速更低,更有利于形成血栓而且顶点处压力更大,更易破裂。2、增大动脉瘤宽度与基底直径的比值,顶点处 WSS 呈非线性增长,但最大值低于 WSS 安全范围的下限值,破裂危险性依然很高;3、动脉瘤宽度与基底直径不同比例下的最大的 WSS 均是主要集中在动脉瘤与载瘤血管结合处(第一剪应力集中区),对血管壁生物组织力学特性影响严重;WSS ...

A Model of Gas Bubble Growth by COMSOL Multiphysics

B. Chinè[1,2], and M. Monno[1,3]
[1]Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
[2]Instituto Tecnològico de Costa Rica, Escuela de Ciencia e Ingenierìa de Materiales, Cartago, Costa Rica
[3]Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy

We use COMSOL Multiphysics to model a gas bubble expansion in a viscous liquid initially at rest, a very common system for lightweight foamed materials from metal production and polymer processing. Modelling and simulation of foam processing during the production step involves many complexities, mainly due to the coupled momentum, mass and energy transport mechanisms, presence of more phases in ...

Fracture-Matrix Flow Partitioning and Cross Flow: Numerical Modeling of Laboratory Fractured Core Flood

R. Sanaee[1], G.F. Oluyemi[1], M. Hossain[1], B.M. Oyeneyin[1]
[1]Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, United Kingdom

The contrast between hydro-mechanical behavior of the rock matrix and fracture network systems results in flow partitioning between fracture and matrix systems which is affected by the In-situ stress regime. Fracture flow, Darcy law and free and porous media flow physics interfaces of COMSOL were used in simulating a fractured core flooding test to achieve a better understanding of flow ...

Modeling Bioelectrochemical Systems for Waste Water Treatment and Bioenergy Recovery with COMSOL Multiphysics®

T. Oyetunde[1], D. Ofiteru[1], J. Rodriguez[1]
[1]Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

Most conventional wastewater treatment processes are quite energy-intensive. Global wastewater production is increasing due to growth in population, industrialization, and urbanization, creating an urgent need for energy-efficient wastewater treatment technologies. Moreover, waste streams (industrial and domestic) have drawn renewed interest as resources for water, energy, and product recovery. ...

Three-Dimensional Numerical Study of the Flow Past a Magnetic Obstacle

M. Rivero[1], O. Andreev[2], A. Thess[3], S. Cuevas[4], T. Fröhlich[1]
[1]Institute of Process Measurement and Sensor Technology, Ilmenau University of Technology, Ilmenau, Germany
[2]Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf e. V., Institut für Sicherheitsforschung Abteilung Magnetohydrodynamik, Dresden, Germany
[3]Institute of Thermodynamics and Fluid Mechanics, Ilmenau University of Technology, Ilmenau, Germany
[4]Instituto de Energías Renovables, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Temixco, Morelos, México

Flows of electrically conducting liquids in external magnetic fields are present in several applications. In this kind of flow, the inhomogeneous magnetic field creates a breaking force on the conducting fluid. As a result, a stagnant zone is formed in the zone affected by the localized field so that the fluid flows around it. Wakes in magnetohydrodynamic flows present interesting challenges ...

Simulation of the Molten Glass Sheets Flow

P. Baias[1], E. Pelster[1], D. Wenger[1]
[1]Wenger Engineering GmbH, Ulm, Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Thin glass sheets have nowadays a lot of commercial applications. An optimal functionality of the production of such glass sheets depends on the flow control of the molten glass. The uniform distribution of the molten glass to sheets of exact thickness and width depends on the geometry of the production device. The geometry must be based on fluid dynamics to control the process. A ...

Miscible Viscous Fingering of Pushed Versus Pulled Interface

S. Pramanik[1], M. Mishra[1]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar, Punjab, India

Viscous fingering (VF) instability has been extensively studied over past several decades in the context of various industrial, environmental and chemical processes. We try to model miscible VF at pushed or pulled interfaces using COMSOL Multiphysics®. We study the effect of the positive and negative log-mobility ratio on the fingering instability. Numerical simulation has been performed in 2D ...

Boundary Value Effects on Migration Patterns in Hydraulically Fractured Shale Formations - new

T. Aseeperi[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA

During the hydraulic fracturing process, there can be possible re-activation of closed/sealed faults and natural fractures in the formation, which may lead to changes in the boundary conditions of the reservoir. While study models of shale gas formations have utilized the concept of a closed reservoir in order to optimize the production of gas in the well-bore, this assumption cannot be adopted ...

Mechanistic Modeling of Non-Spherical Bacterial Attachment on Plant Surface Structures

A. Warning [1], A. K. Datta [1],
[1] Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

The particle tracking model provided a deeper understanding to the experimental results. The model showed good agreement with experimental data for rotation, transport and attachment. In the attachment model, protrusions create low velocity, low shear regions increasing attachment while holes pull cells toward the surface and increase residence time on the surface increasing attachment rate.

CAE-Based Design and Optimization of a Plasma Reactor for Hydrocarbon Processing

C. Soares [1], F. A. Cassini [1], N. Padoin [1],
[1] Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil

Plasma reactors can be applied to the conversion of waste, biomass and fuels to synthesis gas (mixture of hydrogen and carbon dioxide) with efficiencies as higher as 90-95% and low energy demand, depending on the design optimization. In this work, a multi-step approach was applied to the investigation of the main physics involved in a rotating gliding arc (RGA) discharge reactor. COMSOL ...