A. Kermani ,
 Veryst Engineering LLC, Needham, MA, USA
Indoor ventilation with good air quality control prevents infection with minimizing the spread of airborne respiratory and other infections in hospitals. CFD can be utilized to optimize flow pattern in clean rooms especially hospital clean rooms. More than two million people in Europe are infected due to Health-care Associated Infection (HAI) (Pittet et al., 2005). It is believed that transfer ...
Preliminary Study of Particle Trajectory and Secondary Flow in Bend Configurations to Reduce Erosion
O. Ayala , A. Arruda , L. Calembo , E. Enes , D. Monteiro , R. Paizante , A. Rocha , M. Simões , J. Michaeli ,
 Department of Engineering Technology, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, USA
 Brazil Scientific Mobility Program, CAPES, Brasilia, DF, Brazil
To the best of our knowledge, only few researchers have made attempts to minimize the erosion in bends by modifying the bend configuration in order to alter the particle-laden flow pattern to reduce the erosion. In this work, we revisited those previously proposed bend configurations to reduce erosion, in additional to two of our own design. We found that secondary flows play an important role ...
M. Gobbert , K. M. Kalayeh , J. S. Graf ,
 Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Maryland - Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD, USA
 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Maryland - Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD, USA
Numerical theory provides the basis for quantification of the accuracy and reliability of a FEM solution by error estimates on the FEM error vs. the mesh spacing of the FEM mesh. This paper presents techniques needed in COMSOL Multiphysics® software to perform computational studies for elliptic test problems in two and three space dimensions that demonstrate this theory by computing the ...
E. Holzbecher , F. Sun ,
 German University of Technology in Oman, Muscat, Oman, Germany
 Georg-August-Universität, Göttingen, Germany
In boreholes nozzles have to be found advantageous to increase the infiltration rate of water into the subsurface ground. Studies and practice in the field shows that the infiltration of water into permeable aquifers can be improved, if the flow in the borehole is modified. Due to the nozzle the flow regime turns from linear to turbulent. CFD studies help to understand the physics of the ...
V. Orava , O. Souček , P. Cendula 
 Institute of Computational Physics, ZHAW, Winterthur, Switzerland
 Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic
We investigate a prototype concept of a back-up electricity device where we use liquid formic acid (FA) to produce a mixture of carbon dioxide (CO2) and hydrogen (H2) which is used in a PEM fuel cell, Fig. 1. In the fluidized bed reactor the liquid FA is decomposed to a gaseous mixture of CO2 and H2 in the presence of microscopic floating solid catalytic particles. We describe the system, ...
H. Rana ,
 Loughborough University, United Kingdom
This paper presents the investigation into the phenomena during batch reactor vessel mixing comparing agitation equipment; the Rushton turbine and the Marine propeller; in the production of bioethanol by yeast fermentation. The key factors addressed in selecting equipment were fluid vector flow, energy dissipation resulting in shear damage to yeast cells, agitation power consumption, critical ...
M. A. Narbut , K. V. Titov , P. K. Konosavsky ,
 Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia
The groundwater flow is accompanied by the electric field with potential called usually the streaming potential or the Self-Potential (SP) to be measured on the ground surface (e.g., Rizzo et al., 2004; Bolève et al., 2007; Jardani et al., 2009). We studied numerically the SP signals associated with pumping test experiments in layered aquifers using COMSOL Multiphysics® software and GWFGEM ...
P. Katiyar , S. Khanam ,
 Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, Uttarakhand, India
This paper deals with the simulation of mathematical model for supercritical extraction. Reverchon, 1996 extracted sage oil using supercritical extraction method from sage leaves at 9 MPa and 50 ᵒC. Four mean size of sage leaves ranging from 0.25 to 3.10 mm were taken for extraction with other experimental conditions and process parameters. Experimental results were fitted in the model developed ...
G. Salkar , B. Kr Mishra , M. Jayaraman , S. Manian 
 National Centre for Aerospace Innovation and Research, Mumbai, India
Resin Transfer Molding (RTM), is a closed mold reinforced polymer composite molding process where the resin is infused under a pressure gradient. The liquid resin is infused through the dry preform and displaces air to saturate the preform. One of the governing parameters in an RTM process is the inlet pressure; the flow of the resin differs depending on the pressure used. The dual-scale porous ...
An Analysis of Heat Conduction with Change of Phase with Application to the Solidification of Copper
J. Michalski, and E. Gutirrez-Miravete
Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, US
The goal of this study was to determine the possibility of using the finite element in COMSOL Multiphysics program to obtain a high accuracy solution to a moving boundary problem, specifically, the solidification of copper. A one-dimensional geometry in Cartesian coordinates was used to investigate the solidification of initially liquid copper from a chilled wall maintained at fixed temperature. ...