INFN/LNL, Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Legnaro, Italy
Many scientific instruments are based on high vacuum equipment with a gas pressure maintained in the order of 1 Pa or below. The gas flow in the low pressure limit, called the molecular flow regime, is a case of transport with zero viscosity. The ability to solve an integral equation on the boundary with finite elements methods allows us to find the gas densities and flows in the ...
J.M. Gozalvez-Zafrilla, and A. Santafe-Moros
Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Flat membrane modules are widely used to study the membrane performance at the laboratory which is influenced by pressure and velocity. Most modules designed for laboratory studies have high pressure drop and abrupt changes of flow direction what yield to lack of uniform flow and pressure uncertainty over the membrane surface. With the aim to minimize these drawbacks, we developed a new module ...
Research Center for Power Engineering Problems, KSC, RAS, Russia
Non-Newtonian laminar flows in curved circular tubes with inserts are investigated by computer simulations. 0.65% solution of NaCMC is considered. Three-dimensional incompressible Navier-Stokes equations are solved using COMSOL Multiphysics. Placements of inserts inside the curved tubes and their effects on the hydrodynamics of the flow are studied. Computations are carried out with various ...
I. Lupelli, P. Gaudio, A. Malizia, R. Quaranta
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Roma, Italy
In this contribution we present the results of the numerical modeling and performance optimization study of a diaphragm pump for drug infusion. The main objective is to develop a numerical model that replicates the pumping cycle (400ms) and also provides indications about the variation of pumping performance as consequence of the variation of the chamber-diaphragm system geometry, diaphragm ...
M. Rivero, O. Andreev, A. Thess, S. Cuevas, T. Fröhlich
Institute of Process Measurement and Sensor Technology, Ilmenau University of Technology, Ilmenau, Germany
Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf e. V., Institut für Sicherheitsforschung Abteilung Magnetohydrodynamik, Dresden, Germany
Institute of Thermodynamics and Fluid Mechanics, Ilmenau University of Technology, Ilmenau, Germany
Instituto de Energías Renovables, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Temixco, Morelos, México
Flows of electrically conducting liquids in external magnetic fields are present in several applications. In this kind of flow, the inhomogeneous magnetic field creates a breaking force on the conducting fluid. As a result, a stagnant zone is formed in the zone affected by the localized field so that the fluid flows around it. Wakes in magnetohydrodynamic flows present interesting challenges ...
S. Ebrahim, A. Alshayji
Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering and Petroleum, Kuwait University, Kuwait City, Kuwait
The study produced a simulated model of natural convection in an inclined rectangular channel open ended with different locations of radiant barrier (RB) along the channel thickness(S). The upper plate is heated by various uniform constant heat fluxes while the inner surface of the lower plate has a very thin layer with low emissive aluminum foil. This model was used to adjust the location of RB ...
Biofluid-Structural Interaction in Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm for Predicting Timeline to Rupture: The Effect of Hypertension and Aorta Wall Material Properties - new
K. Cluff, H. Mehraein, G. Jayakumar
Bioengineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a bulge formed in the large blood vessels that supply blood to the abdomen, pelvis, and legs. A fluid structure interaction model was developed in a 3D aortic aneurysm model, which was constructed from abdominal CT scan images. Combining medical imaging and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) in a time dependent study allowed the determination of wall ...
Study of the Process, Design, and Operating Parameters Effect on the Efficiency of the Process Mill - new
A. K. Farouk
Department of Mathematics & Natural Science, University of Stavanger, Sandnes, Rogaland, Norway
This study is to investigate the velocity pattern and the velocity magnitude of the cuttings that is being processed in the process mill as a result of the rotating hammers. The process mill consists of a horizontal cylindrical shell equipped with renewable liners and rotating hammers for milling of drill cuttings. An F.E model of the process mill was constructed using dimensions similar to ...
Thermal Natural Convection Simulations with COMSOL Multiphysics® in Comparison with Measurements - new
H. van Halewijn
Fontys University of Applied Physics, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
In a laboratory setup a horizontal rod is heated on one side. By natural convection a stable temperature pattern is developed. Using the Nusselt formulation of the natural convection of cylindrical rods, the temperature distribution can be calculated. Only a good match of the simulations and the measurements can be reached when taking into account all the non-linear physics in the system. In this ...
G. Petrone, C. Balocco
BE CAE & Test, Catania, Italy
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Firenze, Firenze, Italy
High levels of Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) in Operating Theatres (OT) is an important issue in order to contribute in prevention of Surgical Site Infections (SSI). Despite of specific plant layouts are applied for OT ventilation (e.g. unidirectional flow), the effective use conditions can heavily modify the design microclimate and air quality levels. Medical staff presence and movements and sliding ...