Ici vous trouverez les présentations issues des Conférences COMSOL à travers le monde. Réalisées par des utilisateurs de COMSOL Multiphysics, ces présentations explorent tous les domaines actuels d'innovation. Les applications couvrent pratiquement tous les secteurs industriels et impliquent des phénomènes électriques, mécaniques, fluidiques et chimiques. Utilisez la recherche rapide pour trouver les présentations les plus intéressantes dans votre domaine d'intérêt.

Deep Desulfurization of Diesel Using a Single-Phase Micro-Reactor

G. Jovonavic[1], J. Jones[1], and A. Yokochi[1]
[1]School of Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

This paper describes the benefits of computational fluid dynamics in the development of a microreactor used in the desulfurization of aromatic compounds. It is crucial to verify diffusion and extinction coefficients to ensure accurate simulation results prior to experiments. COMSOL Multiphysics was used to model the behavior of all of the possible species present and reactions that may occur.

COMSOL Multiphysics for Efficient Solution of a Transient Reaction-Diffusion System with Fast Reaction

M.K. Gobbert[1], A. Churchill[1], G. Wang[1], and T.I. Seidman[1]
[1]Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Baltimore, Maryland, USA

A reaction between chemical species is modeled by a particular reaction pathway, in which one reaction is very fast relative to the other one. The diffusion controlled reactions of these species together with a reaction intermediate are described by a system of three transient reaction diffusion equations over a two-dimensional spatial domain. In the asymptotic limit of the reaction parameter ...

Simulation of Planar Wave Flagellar Propulsion of Nanorobots using COMSOL

N. Londhe, R. Majumdar, J. Rathore, and N. Sharma
Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
Birla Institute of Technology and Science
Pilani, Rajasthan
India

Nanorobots may be used in the advancement of medical technology, healthcare, and environment monitoring by swimming in biological fluids flowing in narrow channels of a few hundred nanometers in the area of bio-medical engineering. The pronounced effects in nanometer scale such as increased apparent viscosity and low Reynolds number make the designing of propulsion mechanism a challenging ...

Development of a Multiphase, Multispecies Droplet Evaporation Model for Optimization of Desiccation Preservation Techniques

A. Sinkevich[1], S. Bhowmick [1], M. Raessi[1]
[1]University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, North Dartmouth, MA, USA

Biopreservation deals with the protection and storage of complex biologics such as proteins, lipids, and recently, mammalian cells. One preservation method, known as lyopreservation, involves placing a biologic inside a water droplet with some type of sugar excipient (sucrose, trehalose, etc.) and drying the solution convectively. We are currently developing a model that couples the two-phase ...

Biofluid-Structural Interaction in Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm for Predicting Timeline to Rupture: The Effect of Hypertension and Aorta Wall Material Properties - new

K. Cluff[1], H. Mehraein[1], G. Jayakumar[2]
[1]Bioengineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
[2]Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA

An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a bulge formed in the large blood vessels that supply blood to the abdomen, pelvis, and legs. A fluid structure interaction model was developed in a 3D aortic aneurysm model, which was constructed from abdominal CT scan images. Combining medical imaging and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) in a time dependent study allowed the determination of wall ...

Full System Modeling and Validation of the Carbon Dioxide Removal Assembly - new

R. F. Coker[1], J. Knox[1]
[1]NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA

The Atmosphere Revitalization Recovery and Environmental Monitoring (ARREM) project was initiated in September of 2011 as part of the Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) program. Under the ARREM project, testing of sub-scale and full-scale systems has been combined with multiphysics computer simulations for evaluation and optimization of subsystem approaches. In particular, this paper describes ...

Near-Wall Dynamics of Microbubbles in an Acoustical Trap - new

L. Wright[1], G. Memoli[1], P. Jones[2], E. Stride[3]
[1]National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, UK
[2]University College London, London, UK
[3]University of Oxford, Oxford, UK

Understanding the interactions between microbubbles and surfaces is key to the successful deployment of microbubbles in a range of applications. Two important examples are their use as a drug delivery mechanism, and their potential use of acoustically-driven bubbles as microscale sensors. Drug delivery with bubbles involves sonication at high frequency close to a boundary, and sensing with ...

Pore-Level Influence of Contact Angle on Fluid Displacements in Porous Media - new

H. Ali Akhlaghi Amiri[1]
[1]University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway

Wettability affects two-phase displacements in porous media by determining the microscopic distribution of fluids in pore spaces. The impact of wettability on transport properties at macro-scales has been widely addressed in literature; however a deeper understanding of wettability effects demands pore-level investigations which are still limited. In this paper, COMSOL Multiphysics® software ...

Investigation of Mean-Flow Effects on Tubular Combustion Chamber Thermoacoustics Using a Burner Transfer Matrix Approach - new

A. Andreini[1], B. Facchini[1], A. Innocenti[1], D. Pampaloni[1]
[1]University of Florence, Florence, Italy

The paper presents a methodology to account for local mean-flow effects on thermo-acoustic instabilities to improve typical calculations performed under the zero-Mach number assumption. A 3D FEM model of a simplified combustor is solved with COMSOL Multiphysics® Pressure Acoustics interface. The Helmholtz equation is used to model the combustor and the classical k-τ model for the Flame Transfer ...

Aerodynamic Study For Air To Gas Leakage Reduction In A Typical Rotary Regenerative Air Preheater Of Coal-Fired Steam Generators

L. Ferravante[1], C. Zagano[1], and V. Marra[2]
[1]RSE S.p.A. - via Rubattino, Milano, Italy
[2]COMSOL S.r.l. - Via Vittorio Emanuele II, Brescia, Italy

The present study relates to the reduction of the amount of air to gas leakage in a typical rotary regenerative air preheater of coal-fired steam generators, by means of computational thermo-fluid-dynamics. Due to the gaps, or clearances, required for rotation, there is a significant amount of leakage of the higher pressure air to the lower pressure gas stream. This paper presents a turbulent ...