Ici vous trouverez les présentations issues des Conférences COMSOL à travers le monde. Réalisées par des utilisateurs de COMSOL Multiphysics, ces présentations explorent tous les domaines actuels d'innovation. Les applications couvrent pratiquement tous les secteurs industriels et impliquent des phénomènes électriques, mécaniques, fluidiques et chimiques. Utilisez la recherche rapide pour trouver les présentations les plus intéressantes dans votre domaine d'intérêt.

Wind Flow Modeling of Area Surrounding the Case Western Reserve University Wind Turbine

M. Fernandes[1], D. Matthiesen[1]
[1]Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA

The CWRU Turbine is a research turbine located in a urban campus in Cleveland, Ohio. This location may create turbulence, resulting in a possible loss in energy generation. This research attempts to answers the question of whether the wind flow is affected by the buildings or not. The surrounding buildings, which vary in height from 20 to 40 meters, may affect the wind patterns at the hub ...

Development of a Multiphase, Multispecies Droplet Evaporation Model for Optimization of Desiccation Preservation Techniques

A. Sinkevich[1], S. Bhowmick [1], M. Raessi[1]
[1]University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, North Dartmouth, MA, USA

Biopreservation deals with the protection and storage of complex biologics such as proteins, lipids, and recently, mammalian cells. One preservation method, known as lyopreservation, involves placing a biologic inside a water droplet with some type of sugar excipient (sucrose, trehalose, etc.) and drying the solution convectively. We are currently developing a model that couples the two-phase ...

Metal Foam Tube Flow Characterisation

T. Spillmann[1]
[1]CSIRO, Energy Technology, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia

In this study the flow through a tube filled with highly porous aluminium foam of three different pore sizes is analysed using COMSOL Multiphysics® CFD Module and compared to experimentally determined pressure drop data. Analyzing the flow through an array of pores allow the deduction of characteristic flow parameters (permeability and form drag coefficient) that are utilized in a 2D ...

Modeling Ferrofluid Flow in an Annular Gap Moving with Reciprocating Shaft

Y. He[1], R. Nilssen[1]
[1]Department of Electric Power Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway

Ferrofluids have been successfully used in the seals for rotary shafts, but few studies focus on the reciprocating motion seals. Since the completely different operational regimes, previous experiences on the rotary motions could not be directly applied on the cases for reciprocating shafts. In this study, we present a simplified model to describe the process that a shaft linearly moving in a ...

Full System Modeling and Validation of the Carbon Dioxide Removal Assembly - new

R. F. Coker[1], J. Knox[1]
[1]NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA

The Atmosphere Revitalization Recovery and Environmental Monitoring (ARREM) project was initiated in September of 2011 as part of the Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) program. Under the ARREM project, testing of sub-scale and full-scale systems has been combined with multiphysics computer simulations for evaluation and optimization of subsystem approaches. In particular, this paper describes ...

Simulating the Flow of Native Silk Feedstocks In Vivo

J. Sparkes [1],
[1] Natural Materials Group, Dept of Materials Science and Engineering, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK

The ability to artificially produce silk fibers has great commercial, industrial and scientific implications. Much has been made of their remarkable mechanical properties but few have considered how they are imparted on the initially liquid silk feedstock.1 I am exploring how silk duct geometry affects the fibers produced as by understanding the flow conditions within the model, and comparing ...

Modeling Contact Line Dynamics in Evaporating Menisci

J. Plawsky[1], A. Chatterjee[1], and P.C. Wayner Jr.[1]
[1]Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York, USA

The Constrained Vapor Bubble is a fundamental fluid mechanics experiment that is scheduled to run aboard the International Space Station starting in August 2009. The experiment is focused on looking at evaporation and condensation processes at the contact line, where vapor, liquid and solid meet. Our goal is to understand how processes that occur on the macroscale affect the transport processes ...

Deep Desulfurization of Diesel Using a Single-Phase Micro-Reactor

G. Jovonavic[1], J. Jones[1], and A. Yokochi[1]
[1]School of Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

This paper describes the benefits of computational fluid dynamics in the development of a microreactor used in the desulfurization of aromatic compounds. It is crucial to verify diffusion and extinction coefficients to ensure accurate simulation results prior to experiments. COMSOL Multiphysics was used to model the behavior of all of the possible species present and reactions that may occur.

Modeling the Thermal-Mechanical Behavior of Mid-Ocean Ridge Transform Faults

E. Roland[1], M. Behn[2], and G. Hirth[3]
[1]MIT/WHOI Joint Program, Woods Hole, MA, USA
[2]Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA, USA
[3]Brown University, Providence, RI, USA

To investigate the thermal-mechanical behavior of oceanic transform faults, we calculate 3-D steady-state incompressible mantle flow and heat transport using COMSOL Multiphysics. Our model incorporates a nonlinear viscous rheology with a visco-plastic approximation to simulate lithospheric brittle failure. We incorporate the effects of hydrothermal circulation and hanges in frictional ...

Application of COMSOL Multiphysics in the Simulation of Magnesium Refining and Production

X. Guan[1], E. Gratz[1], U. Pal[1]
[1]Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Boston University, Brookline, MA, USA

Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling is a useful tool to gain an insight into various high temperature metallurgical processes such as the magnesium refining and the magnesium solid oxide membrane (SOM) electrolysis. In both processes, argon gas was used to stir the molten salt (flux) in order to improve the transport of magnesium vapor out of the flux and achieve chemical homogeneity in ...