M. Fernandes, D. Matthiesen
Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA
The CWRU Turbine is a research turbine located in a urban campus in Cleveland, Ohio. This location may create turbulence, resulting in a possible loss in energy generation. This research attempts to answers the question of whether the wind flow is affected by the buildings or not. The surrounding buildings, which vary in height from 20 to 40 meters, may affect the wind patterns at the hub ...
Development of a Multiphase, Multispecies Droplet Evaporation Model for Optimization of Desiccation Preservation Techniques
A. Sinkevich, S. Bhowmick , M. Raessi
University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, North Dartmouth, MA, USA
Biopreservation deals with the protection and storage of complex biologics such as proteins, lipids, and recently, mammalian cells. One preservation method, known as lyopreservation, involves placing a biologic inside a water droplet with some type of sugar excipient (sucrose, trehalose, etc.) and drying the solution convectively. We are currently developing a model that couples the two-phase ...
CSIRO, Energy Technology, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia
In this study the flow through a tube filled with highly porous aluminium foam of three different pore sizes is analysed using COMSOL Multiphysics® CFD Module and compared to experimentally determined pressure drop data. Analyzing the flow through an array of pores allow the deduction of characteristic flow parameters (permeability and form drag coefficient) that are utilized in a 2D ...
Y. He, R. Nilssen
Department of Electric Power Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
Ferrofluids have been successfully used in the seals for rotary shafts, but few studies focus on the reciprocating motion seals. Since the completely different operational regimes, previous experiences on the rotary motions could not be directly applied on the cases for reciprocating shafts. In this study, we present a simplified model to describe the process that a shaft linearly moving in a ...
R. F. Coker, J. Knox
NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA
The Atmosphere Revitalization Recovery and Environmental Monitoring (ARREM) project was initiated in September of 2011 as part of the Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) program. Under the ARREM project, testing of sub-scale and full-scale systems has been combined with multiphysics computer simulations for evaluation and optimization of subsystem approaches. In particular, this paper describes ...
J. Sparkes ,
 Natural Materials Group, Dept of Materials Science and Engineering, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK
The ability to artificially produce silk fibers has great commercial, industrial and scientific implications. Much has been made of their remarkable mechanical properties but few have considered how they are imparted on the initially liquid silk feedstock.1 I am exploring how silk duct geometry affects the fibers produced as by understanding the flow conditions within the model, and comparing ...
J. Plawsky, A. Chatterjee, and P.C. Wayner Jr.
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York, USA
The Constrained Vapor Bubble is a fundamental fluid mechanics experiment that is scheduled to run aboard the International Space Station starting in August 2009. The experiment is focused on looking at evaporation and condensation processes at the contact line, where vapor, liquid and solid meet. Our goal is to understand how processes that occur on the macroscale affect the transport processes ...
G. Jovonavic, J. Jones, and A. Yokochi
School of Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, USA
This paper describes the benefits of computational fluid dynamics in the development of a microreactor used in the desulfurization of aromatic compounds. It is crucial to verify diffusion and extinction coefficients to ensure accurate simulation results prior to experiments. COMSOL Multiphysics was used to model the behavior of all of the possible species present and reactions that may occur.
E. Roland, M. Behn, and G. Hirth
MIT/WHOI Joint Program, Woods Hole, MA, USA
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA, USA
Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
To investigate the thermal-mechanical behavior of oceanic transform faults, we calculate 3-D steady-state incompressible mantle flow and heat transport using COMSOL Multiphysics. Our model incorporates a nonlinear viscous rheology with a visco-plastic approximation to simulate lithospheric brittle failure. We incorporate the effects of hydrothermal circulation and hanges in frictional ...
X. Guan, E. Gratz, U. Pal
Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Boston University, Brookline, MA, USA
Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling is a useful tool to gain an insight into various high temperature metallurgical processes such as the magnesium refining and the magnesium solid oxide membrane (SOM) electrolysis. In both processes, argon gas was used to stir the molten salt (flux) in order to improve the transport of magnesium vapor out of the flux and achieve chemical homogeneity in ...