Ici vous trouverez les présentations issues des Conférences COMSOL à travers le monde. Réalisées par des utilisateurs de COMSOL Multiphysics, ces présentations explorent tous les domaines actuels d'innovation. Les applications couvrent pratiquement tous les secteurs industriels et impliquent des phénomènes électriques, mécaniques, fluidiques et chimiques. Utilisez la recherche rapide pour trouver les présentations les plus intéressantes dans votre domaine d'intérêt.

Impact Assessment of Hydrologic and Operational Factors on the Efficiency of Managed Aquifer Recharge Scheme

M.A. Rahman[1], P. Oberdorfer[1], Y. Jin[1], M. Pervin[1], E. Holzbecher[1]
[1]Department of Applied Geology, Geoscience Center, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Lower Saxony, Germany

Due to increased demands on groundwater accompanied by increased drawdowns (ca. 2-3 meters/year), technologies that use alternative water resources have been suggested for Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Preliminary studies show that managed aquifer recharge (MAR) would help in optimal use of available water resources and to reduce adverse effects of pumping in the Dupitila aquifer of the city. In this ...

Can we use Aquifers to Monitor Magma Chambers? Using COMSOL Multiphysics® to Investigate Subsurface Strain Changes and Their Effect on Hydrological Systems - new

K. Strehlow[1], J. Gottsmann[1], A. Rust[1]
[1]University of Bristol, Bristol, UK

Groundwater-bearing geological layers respond to and modify the surface expressions of magmatic activity, and they can also become agents of volcanic unrest themselves. Interpretations of unrest signals as groundwater responses to changes in the magmatic system can be found for many volcanoes and include a wide range of phenomena and suggested processes to explain them (e.g., Newhall et al., ...

Coupling Hydrodynamics and Geophysics with COMSOL Multiphysics: First Approach and Application to Leachate Injection in Municipal Waste Landfills

C. Duquennoi[1], S. Weisse[1], R. Clement[1], and L. Oxarango[2]
[1]Cemagref, HBAN research unit, Antony, France
[2]LTHE, Grenoble, France

The efficiency of bioreactor lanfills depends on a homogeneous distribution of leachate in the waste body. Therefore, optimisation of leachate injection systems is a challenging issue for operators. Most studies have shown that surface Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) can be a suitable method to study moisture distribution (2D and 3D). But resistivity inversion models used to date are ...

Matching 4D Porous Media Fluid Flow GeoPET Data With COMSOL Multiphysics Simulation Results

J. Lippmann-Pipke, J. Kulenkampff, G. Marion, and M. Richter
Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden
Rossendorf, Institut of Radiochemistry
Research Site Leipzig
Reactive Transport Division
Leipzig, Germany

We apply COMSOL Multiphysics for reproducing our experimental observations of fluid flow and transport processes in geological media. Our experimental GeoEPT-method allows the 4D monitoring of transport processes in geological material on laboratory scale. Explicitly we import “realistic structures” from geologic samples scanned by means of computer tomography (CT) as stl-files into COMSOL ...

Finite Element Models of Elasto-Plastic Deformation in Volcanic Areas

D. Scandura, G. Currenti, and C. Del Negro
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy

In volcanic areas, the presence of heterogeneous materials and high temperatures affect the rheological behaviour of the Earth's crust that calls for considering the anelastic properties of the medium surrounding the magmatic sources. A thermo-mechanical numerical model is performed for evaluating the temperature dependency of the elasto-plastic solution. Both temperature distributions and ...

Groundwater Modeling as an Assessment Tool for Underground Mines Located in Fractured Massifs

J. Font-Capó[1], A. Nardi[1], M. Mendoza [2], E. Ruiz[2], S. Jordana[1], J. Molinero[1], P. Trinchero[1], J. Vargas[3]
[1]Amphos 21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
[2]Amphos 21 Perú, Lima, Perú
[3]Worley Parson/TWP, Lima, Perú

Some of the present metallic ores mines are located in areas formed by a heterogeneous fractured massif where groundwater flows preferentially through fractures. Underground mining in these zones can cause impacts in streams, lakes and change the natural water balance of the watersheds, leading to conflicts between traditional uses of water and the mining activity. Quantification of these ...

Modeling Self-Potential Effects during Reservoir Stimulation in Enhanced Geothermal System - new

G. Perillo[1], A. Monetti[2], A. Troiano[2], M. G. Di Giuseppe[2], C. Troise[2], G. De Natale[2]
[1]University of Naples Parthenope, Naples, Italy
[2]INGV-Osservatorio Vesuviano, Naples, Italy

Geothermal systems represent a large resource that can provide, with a reasonable investment, a very high and cost-effective power generating capacity. Despite its unquestionable potential, geothermal exploitation has long been perceived as limited, mainly because of the dependence from strict site-related conditions, mainly related to the reservoir rock’s permeability. In this work, SP ...

Numerically Generated g-functions for Ground Coupled Heat Pump Applications

J. Acuna[1], M. Fossa[2], P. Monzó[1]
[1]KTH Energy Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
[2]Dime, University of Genova, Genova, Italy

Ground-coupled heat pumps (GCHP) are successfully installed since at about 20 years in many countries to fulfill space conditioning requirements in building applications. In most cases the heat pump is connected to a system of vertical ground heat exchangers (as illustrated in Figure 1) where a fluid is circulated inside a system of pipes inserted in a deep borehole drilled in the soil. Drilling ...

Hydro-Mechanical Coupling in Saturated and Unsaturated Soils and its Consequences on the Electrical Behaviour

G. Della Vecchia[1], R. Cosentini[1], S. Foti[1], and G. Musso[1]

[1]DISTR, Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy

The consequences of hydromechanical coupling on the electrical conductivity of saturated and unsaturated soils are investigated experimentally and numerically. Simulations of the consolidation problem under vertical load for an elastic medium and of the coupled flow of two immiscible fluids have been performed in order to check the capability of electrical resistivity tomography to reconstruct ...

Numerical Evidence of Unrest-Related Electromagnetic Effects in the Campi Flegrei Caldera, Italy

G. Perillo [1], G. De Natale [2], M. G. Di Giuseppe [2], A. Troiano [2], C. Troise [2],
[1] University of Naples Parthenope, Naples, Italy
[2] INGV – Osservatorio Vesuviano, Naples, Italy

Electric, magnetic and electromagnetic (em) methods are widely used to monitor active volcanoes. A review of such applications is presented in Johnston (cit). Em signals were recorded in correspondence of numerous volcanic eruptions, for example in the case of the Mt. Unzen in Giapppone, of Merapi in Indonesia, Etna in Italy and during rapid deformation in Long Valley in California. ...