J. Acuna and B. Palm
Department of Energy Technology, KTH, Stockholm, Sweden
The most common way to exchange heat with the bedrock in Ground Source Heat Pump (GSHP) applications is circulating a fluid through a U-formed closed loop in vertical boreholes drilled several tenths of meters into the ground. This study presents and compares the results of eight cross sectional U-pipe Borehole Heat Exchanger configurations. Values from recent experimental temperature ...
Toyota Research Institute of North America, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
Multiphysics optimization of thermal-fluid systems is an emerging area of interest with application to the development of high performance cooling technologies for electronic systems. This paper builds on previous work focused on the development of a computational platform for numerical optimization. Specifically, a sample optimized topology is briefly described, and the final result is ...
IMI, Ramat Hasharon, Israel
This paper presents thermo-mechanical models for predicting the strength of polymer laminates loaded in tension or compression exposed to one-sided radiant heating by fire. The first part is the fire simulation where the FDS model is utilized. The FDS model generates a solution of several state variables, such as pressure, temperature, heat, velocity vector. In the second part, COMSOL heat ...
P.K. Jain, V.B. Khane, J.D. Freels
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO, USA
Simulation models for steady state thermal hydraulics analyses of ORNL’s HFIR have been developed using COMSOL. A single fuel plate and coolant channel of each type of HFIR fuel element was modeled in three dimensions. The standard k-? turbulence model was used in simulating turbulent flow with conjugate heat transfer. The COMSOL models were developed to be fully parameterized to allow ...
J. Knox, K. Kittredge, R.F. Coker, R. Cummings, C.F. Gomez
NASA - Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA
“NASA\'s Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) program is pioneering new approaches for rapidly developing prototype systems, demonstrating key capabilities, and validating operational concepts for future human missions beyond Earth orbit” . Under the new Atmosphere Revitalization Recovery and Environmental Monitoring (ARREM) project , efforts are focused on improving current state-of-the-art ...
E. Konroyd-Bolden, Dr. Z. Liao
Department of Architectural Science, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada
A requirement of the building envelope is to act as environmental separator. Energy is one component that we sometimes wish to control. How can this yield passive benefits such as solar heating? This research focuses on control of thermal radiation energy, and the role windows play as transfer medium between indoor and outdoor environments. A novel concept for passively controlling solar ...
G. Petrone, C. Balocco
BE CAE & Test, Catania, Italy
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Firenze, Firenze, Italy
High levels of Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) in Operating Theatres (OT) is an important issue in order to contribute in prevention of Surgical Site Infections (SSI). Despite of specific plant layouts are applied for OT ventilation (e.g. unidirectional flow), the effective use conditions can heavily modify the design microclimate and air quality levels. Medical staff presence and movements and sliding ...
Modeling of Stockton University Geothermal System Using COMSOL Multiphysics® and the Subsurface Flow Module
M. Sharobeam , S. Pal , G. Villanuna ,
 School of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, Stockton University, Galloway, NJ, USA
Stockton University has one of the largest closed loop geothermal system in North America. It provides heating and cooling for the university academic facilities. The well field comprises of a grid of four hundred wells bored to a depth of 130m. The ground is composed of three aquifers of saturated sand sandwiched between confining beds and transition layers of sand and clay. The purpose of this ...
A. Martín Ortega , Y. Dabin , T. Minea , A. Lacoste 
 ESRF, Grenoble, France
 LPGP, Université Paris-Sud XI, Orsay, France
 LPSC, Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, France
The high power of X-ray beam delivered by synchrotrons and free electron lasers, up to 240 W/mm2, requires heat load management solutions to obtain the best performance from the optical elements which will shape the beam for its use in the experimental stations . One solution is the use of gas attenuators: a tube filled with an inert gas, usually Argon or Krypton, is placed between X-ray ...
Design and Nuclear-Safety Related Simulations of Bare-Pellet Test Irradiations for the Production of Pu-238 in the High Flux Isotope Reactor Using COMSOL
J.D. Freels, P.K. Jain, R.W. Hobbs
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is developing technology to re-establish the capability to produce plutonium-238 for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) as a power source material for powering vehicles while in deep-space. The High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) of ORNL has been utilized to perform test irradiations of in-capsulated neptunium oxide (NpO2) and aluminum ...