M. Fält, and R. Zevenhoven
Thermal and Flow Engineering Laboratory, Department of Chemical Engineering
Åbo Akademi University
Air-conditioning produced by traditional vapor compression cycle is an energy demanding operation. By using passive cooling methods is it possible to avoid, or at least reduce, the need for vapor compression cooling. A passive radiative cooling method could be a three windowed skylight, filled with a greenhouse gas. Earlier modeling of such a skylight has shown promising results, and work has ...
G. Tracanelli, M. Culos
Studio di Ingegneria Industriale Tracanelli, San Vito al Tagliamento, Italy
The energy pay back is one of the most interesting field especially in the steel industry where this contribution is strictly connected to steams and emissions inside and outside the plant. Perhaps, this application is sometimes disturbed by a strong variation of emissions (\"off gas\"). One example is the arc furnace where the process is very discontinuous and there are many fluctuations in the ...
R. Sikorski, T. Merrill
Rowan University, Glassboro, NJ, USA
Stroke is caused by an interruption of brain blood supply and is one of the leading causes of death and disability. A mild reduction of 2-5°C in tissue temperature through hypothermia has shown reduced tissue infarct size, increased tissue recovery, and positive neurological effects. This paper seeks to predict the outlet blood temperature in the common carotid bifurcation branches. In our ...
Using COMSOL to Estimate the Heat Losses of Composite Panels Undergoing Repairs Using Bayesian Inference
University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
Composite repairs involve applying a prescribed heat flux which must be adjusted to account for heat losses. These losses must be estimated. Parameter estimation requires a knowledge of sensitivities. This is often done using finite differences. As shown in the figure, substantial errors often occur. The paper describes the use of the PDE features of COMSOL to obtain much more accurate values by ...
University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
The production of polymer fibers is done by drawing raw material (preform) in a vertical cylindrical furnace whose heated walls radiantly heat the preform. The wall temperatures are very high and the dominant heat transfer to the fiber is by radiation with little effect from the convective flow of gas in the furnace. In contrast, for polymer fibers the convection contribution is large, and ...
Investigating the Performance of Mechanically Ventilated Double-Skin Facades with Solar Control Devices in the Main Cavity
C. G. Galante
Newtecnic Ltd, London, England, UK
The use of ventilated facades may reduce the cooling and heating energy demands of the building. Double-skin facades (DSFs) belong to the wider group of ventilated facades and currently represent one of the most interesting and studied facade systems. The purpose of this study is to investigate the thermal behaviour and performance of a DSF being designed for a real project in the Middle East ...
G. Salazar Duarte, B. Schürer, C. Voss, D. Bathen
Linde AG, Munich, Germany
Universität Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany
Pressure Swing Adsorption (PSA) and Temperature Swing Adsorption (TSA) are commonly used for separation/purification of gas mixtures in industrial processes. The cycle time of industrial TSA processes usually ranges from several hours to days. The reason for this long cycle time is the usage of purge gas for heating and cooling the system (direct heating), which limits the application of TSA ...
R. Verhelle, L. Van Lokeren, S. Loulidi, H. Boyd, G. Van Assche
Physical Chemistry & Polymer Science, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium
Heerema Marine Contractors, Leiden, The Netherlands
COMSOL Multiphysics® software is used to model the field joint application process on carbon steel pipelines for deep sea crude oil transportation, taking into account not only heat transfer, cure kinetics, and crystallization, but also thermal, cure and crystallization shrinkage and the resulting interfacial thermal stresses. Experimental data from the raw materials are implemented in the model ...
I. Neitzel, R. C. F. do Nascimento, C. C. Bueno
Faculdade de Telêmaco Borba - FATEB, Telêmaco Borba, Paraná, Brasil
Neste trabalho é analisado o comportamento dos perfis de temperatura e umidade e sua penetração em bobinas de papel submetidas a longos períodos de armazenagem. O modelo considera a transferência simultânea de calor e massa com o efeito Soret, mas sem o efeito Latour. O sistema é fechado em relação à umidade e aberto em relação à energia. As propriedades térmicas são dependentes da ...
F. Qian, L. Quan, X. Liu
Institute of Acoustics and School of Physics, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China
Previous research into acoustic omnidirectional absorber (AOA) has shown the feasibility of forming acoustic black hole to guide the incident wave into the central absorptive cavity. However, major restrictions to practical applications exist due to complexity of designing metamaterials and unchangeable working states. Here, we propose two cylindrical, two-dimensional AOA schemes based on ...