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Sound Field Analysis of Monumental Structures by the Application of Diffusion Equation Model - new

Z. S. Gul[1], N. Xiang[2], M. Caliskan[3]
[1]Department of Architecture, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey
[2]School of Architecture, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA
[3]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey

Sound energy distribution patterns within enclosed spaces are the basic concerns of architectural acoustics. Energy decays are analyzed for major acoustical parameter estimations, while spatial energy distribution and flow vectors are indicative in the analysis of sound energy circulation and concentration zones. In this study the acoustical field of a real-size multi-domed monumental ...

Development of a Thermo-Hydro-Geochemical Model for Low-Temperature Geoexchange Applications

F. Eppner [1], P. Pasquier [1], P. Baudron [1],
[1] École Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada

Standing column wells (SCW) are open-loop geoexchange systems used to provide space heating and cooling to buildings. As they use groundwater as heat carrier fluid and modify its thermo-chemical conditions along the year, they may favor calcite dissolution and precipitation, thus increasing maintenance costs. In order to predict the thermo-hydro-chemical (THC) processes occurring in a SCW and ...

Electromagnetic and Electrostatic study in High Voltage Switchyard

R. Devanathan [1], B.Mutum [1], L.Obiroy [2], C Manivannan [3], R Malarvizhi [3],
[1] Hindustan University, Rajiv Gandhi Salai, Padur (via), Kelambakkam, Chennai, India
[2] Hindustan University, Rajiv Gandhi Salai, Padur (via), Kelambakkam, Chennai, India
[3] L & T Constructions, Power Transmission & Distribution, Chennai, India

The paper reports on an electromagnetic field study of a 765 kV switchyard. The study is performed using COMSOL Multiphysics® software. The study involves geometric modelling, finite element analysis, and numerical solution of the linearized equations. For the system studied, it was found that the magnetic field was within the regulatory limits. However, the electric field was seen to exceed ...

Simulation of Heating Sol-Gel Thin Film By Laser Pulse Train

J. Zhang[1], Y. Mizuyama[1], W. Xiong[2], Y. Zhou [2], and Y. Lu[2]
[1]Panasonic Boston Laboratory, Newton, MA, USA
[2]University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA

Simulation of laser pulse-train (25ns, 60 kHz and 3000 pulses) heating Sol-Gel thin film using COMSOL Multiphysics software is investigated. The results show two kinds of temperatures formed on film surface by laser pulse-train heating. One is a single pulse induced transient peak-temperature, which is up to ~1635oC on both Si and glass substrates. The other is the accumulated ...

Influence of Electrode Kinetics on Lithium-ion Battery Characteristics

H. Machrafi[1,2], S. Cavadias[2]
[1]University of Liège, Thermodynamics of Irreversible Phenomena, Liège, Belgium
[2]University Pierre et Marie Curie, Laboratoire des Procédés Plasma et Traitement de Surface, Paris, France

The purpose of this work is to show whether an important difference in Lithium solid concentration and electrolyte concentration can be observed in a Lithium-ion battery model, when considering either the Butler-Volmer kinetics or the Tafel kinetics for describing the electrode kinetics (including a boundary layer between the electrolyte and the electrode particles). During discharge, the ...

Numerical Study of the Self-ignition of Tetrafluoroethylene in a 100-dm3-reactor

F. Ferrero[1], M. Kluge[1], R. Zeps[1], T. Spoormaker[2]
[1]BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Berlin, Germany
[2]Chairman PlasticsEurope Fluoropolymers TFE Safety Task Force, Du Pont De Nemours, Dordrecht, The Netherlands

The self-ignition of tetrafluoroethylene (TFE) caused by contact with hot surfaces has been analyzed with the help of simulations performed with COMSOL Multiphysics®. The current study focuses on large-scale heated reactors for the industrial production of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) from TFE at high pressures. Simulations of the self-heating and consequent self-ignition of TFE in a 100-dm3 ...

Study of AC Electrothermal Phenomena Models

S. Loire, and P. Kauffmann
University of California
Santa Barbara, CA

Recently, electrokinetic flows have raised the interest of the scientific community. Driving flow with an electric field leads to promising applications for mixing, concentration, pumping application in lab on chips. However, current models are still inaccurate and don\'t fit the measures. The simple decoupled model developed by Ramos et al does not predict velocities for all parameters. ...

Modelling Reservoir Stimulation in Enhanced Geothermal Systems

G. Perillo[1], G. De Natale[2], M.G. Di Giuseppe[2], A. Troiano[2], C. Troise[2]
[1]University of Naples Parthenope, Italy
[2]INGV - Osservatorio Vesuviano, Naples, Italy

Fluid injection in deep wells is a basic procedure in geothermal permeability enhancement. The retrieved changes of Pressure and Temperature are subsequently considered as sources of incremental stress and strain changes, using the elastic model from COMSOL Multiphysics®, which are then converted to Coulomb stress changes on favoured faults, taking into account also the background regional ...

Design Optimization of an Electronic Component with an Evolutionary Algorithm Using a MATLAB-COMSOL Based Model

E. Pelster, and D. Wenger
Wenger Engineering GmbH
Ulm, Deutschland

Electric construction components exposed to alternating high voltage have to withstand a significant amount of thermal loads and, resulting from the changes in Temperature , structural stresses. In order to achieve minimization of these loads, optimizing the geometry can be a helpful tool in the design process. In this study COMSOL is used to predict thermal and mechanical loads on a high ...

Hydro-Mechanical Modelling of Infiltration Test for a Bentonite-Sand Mixture: Model Verification and Parameter Identification

M. Hasal[1], R. Hrtus[1], Z. Michalec[1], R. Blaheta[1]
[1]Institute of Geonics AS CR, Ostrava, Czech Republic

The first aim of our work is to create a hydro-mechanical model (HM) of unsaturated fluid flow in bentonite-sand mixture (BSM) MX-80. The second aim is to validate and calibrate the developed model by using the data from a laboratory infiltration test of BSM. The used multi-physics model combines Richards type unsaturated flow with diffusive vapour flow and (nonlinear) elastic response of the ...