L. Velmanickam , D. Nawarathna , V. Jayasooriya ,
 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND, USA
Cancer is one of the leading causes of deaths worldwide. According to the American Cancer Society, there will be about 700,000 cancer related deaths in US in 2017. Cancer mortality will be reduced if it is detected and treated at the early stages. Previous studies have shown that biomarkers can be used as an effective pointer for detection of cancer at very early stages. Bio sensing techniques ...
Determination of the Optical Properties of Individual Gold Nanorods through Numerical Modeling and Experiment
Y. Davletshin, J.C. Kumaradas
Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada
The optical scattering and absorption of gold nanorods (GNRs) depends on its size, shape, and surroundings. This dependence is due to both intrinsic and extrinsic effects. A good understanding of this dependence is needed for applications of GNRs in photo-thermal therapy, optical and opto-acoustic imaging, biosensing, and other photonic areas. Extrinsic effects are caused by the production of ...
Modelling Ultra-short Pulse Laser Ablation of Dielectric Materials Using multiple Rate Equations - new
P. Boerner, K. Wegener
Institute of Machine Tools and Manufacturing, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
Ultrafast lasers are widely applied in micromachining, material science and physics. In industry, picosecond lasers are becoming more and more established. For pulse lengths shorter than the electron-phonon coupling time, heat affected zones are negligible. Thermally sensitive materials can be processed using ultrashort pulse laser radiation. Multi-component materials and poorly absorbing ...
M. Dillmann , B. Braun , M. Kottcke ,
 Technische Hochschule Georg-Simon-Ohm, Nuernberg, Germany
This work investigates the ablation of a copper surface caused by the irradiation of a 220 ns laser pulse. Our focus is on the heat transport within the copper and takes the proceeding vaporization of surface substance into account. Our model ignores plasma dynamics and simulates the energy deposition using a surface heat source. The underlying absorption coefficient is made temperature ...
D. Gasperino 
 Intellectual Ventures Laboratory, Bellevue, WA, USA
INTRODUCTION: Point of care diagnostics aimed at low-resource settings need to be relatively simple, robust and low-cost. The most commonly-used diagnostic platform in these settings is the lateral flow assay (LFA). LFAs are paper-based immunoassays designed to perform on-strip binding with analytes in patient samples in order to generate a visual signal if disease-specific antigen is ...
R. Díaz de León-Zapata [1,2], B. Mora , M. Jose-Yacaman , F. J. Gonzalez 
 Instituto Tecnológico de San Luis Potosí, Av. Tecnológico s/n, San Luis Potosí, S.L.P., Mexico
 Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, CIACyT, San Luis Potosí, S.L.P., Mexico
 University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA
Auto assembled Ag-ZnO  star shaped nanostructures depicted in figure 1, presents their natural electromagnetic resonance at 60 THz. In this work we present that is possible to change this value by covering it with a variable in thickness layer of gold. The analysis is performed by numerical simulations using COMSOL Multiphysics® software.
V. Vinothkumar, R. C. Thiagarajan ,
 ATOA Scientific Technologies Pvt Ltd, Bangalore, India.
Optical cloaking was considered as fictional. Recent developments shows that macro scale optical cloaking is practical and functional. Brief review of ray optics based macro optical cloaking concepts are given. COMSOL Multiphysics® software simulations of cloaking devices are detailed. The geometric optics principles used to develop cloak for hiding objects are given. Invisibility of both the ...
F. Liu ,
 St. Mary's Ryken High School, Leonardtown, MD, USA
Mid-infrared, which interacts with most of the chemicals and creates spectra with functional group and fingerprint information, is widely used as a chemical sensing method for a variety of applications, including biomedical testing, quality control in electronics manufacturing and food production, leakage monitoring in oil and gas pipelines, etc. Although extremely useful, the applications of ...
D. Carrier, and J.J. Dubowski
Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC, Canada
In order to provide swift and precise diagnostics, physicians and medical doctors require an adequate amount of information about the patient\'s condition. An integrated SPR (surface plasmon resonance) biosensing platform is currently developed by our research group with the aim of preserving compatibility with microfabrication techniques, open-ended surface and integrated light source. In order ...
F. Frezza, P. Nocito, and E. Stoja
Department of Information Engineering, Electronics and Telecommunications, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
MISE, Communication Department, ISCOM, Rome, Italy
We investigate and compare the characteristics of the fundamental guided mode sustained by a subwavelength plasmonic slot waveguide for three types of metals: gold, silver and aluminium. This is done in terms of mode effective index, propagation length, confinement and, as the mode under study is quasi-TEM, we also develop a transmission line model that can be useful in the design of optical ...