L. Wang ,
 Konica Minolta Laboratory USA, Inc., San Mateo, CA, USA
Organic light emitting diode (OLED) is an emerging technology for next-generation flat panel display and solid-state area lighting thanks to its many advantages such as light weight, low operating voltage, and flexibility, etc. A typical OLED has a multilayer structure that includes a glass or plastic substrate, an anode (ITO), a hole transport layer (HTL), an emitting layer (EML), an electron ...
H. S. Shriram, T. Nimje, D. Vakharia
BITS Pilani, Rajasthan, India
Radio Frequency MEMS devices have emerged to overcome the problem of high losses associated with semiconductors at high frequencies. A tunable MEMS capacitor is a micrometre-scale electronic device whose capacitance is controlled through different actuation mechanisms which govern the moving parts. It can have electrostatic or electrothermal actuators depending on the functional complexity and ...
B. Lepers , G. Link , J. Jelonnek 
 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute for Pulsed Power and Microwave Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany
Introduction: The use of microwave energy for thermal cracking (from thermal stress and water pore pressure) of lignite-coal briquettes increases the lignite friability  and is beneficial for later chemical treatment inside a gasifier (for methanol production for example). An adequate use of microwave energy can improve the overall efficiency of the gasification process based on lignite ...
Impedance Matching of Tag Antenna to Maximise RFID Read Ranges & Optimising a Tag Antenna Design for a Particular Application - new
M. Yeoman, M. O'Neill
Continuum Blue Ltd., Ystrad Mynach, UK
Tumbling Dice Ltd., Newcastle, UK
RFID tags are ever increasing in their daily use, from the monitoring of components, the tracking of produce during processing & production, as well as being used in much of the touch-less technologies seen today. With this technology, there has been the ever increasing need to reduce the power required to activate the RFID tag, while maximizing the read range in certain applications. In ...
Prof. Dr.-Ing. habil. A. K. Palit ,
 ZF-Lemfoerder Electronic GmbH, ZF-Friedrichshafen AG. Group, Espelkamp, Germany
Introduction: RFID system uses a Transponder and the near field communication (NFC) antenna and a matching circuit (Figure-1) in which at least latter two must be optimally designed for a higher efficiency. Typically, RFID antennas are flat inductive coils with 2 to 4 turns and are printed directly on the PCB. The larger antenna size implies larger operating distance whereas, the number of ...
J. Grover, Dr. A. Gupta
Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani-Pilani Campus,Rajasthan ,India
In high-speed digital design, strong electromagnetic coupling exists between adjacent transmission lines. This manifests itself in the form of crosstalk voltage induced on either line. Crosstalk is modeled in terms of capacitance and inductance matrices which are extracted using COMSOL Multiphysics®. Further, trends of crosstalk are observed with variations in dielectric constant of substrate, ...
M. Mattheakis, C. Athanasopoulos, G. P. Tsironis
University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece
We present numerical simulations for the propagation of surface plasmon polaritons in a dielectric-metal-dielectric waveguide using COMSOL Multiphysics® software. We show that the use of an active dielectric with gain that compensates metal absorption losses enhances substantially plasmon propagation. Furthermore, the introduction of the active material induces, for a specific gain value, a ...
T. Santos, L.C. Costa[1,2], M. Valente[1,2], J. Monteiro[1,2], and J. Sousa
University of Aveiro, Portugal
I3N, Aveiro, Portugal
TEKA Portugal S.A., Ílhavo, Portugal
In microwave heating applications, the energy is introduced directly into the volume of the material and as consequence the quality of the process is highly dependent on the uniformity of the electromagnetic field distribution along it. That is, the non uniformity of the heating is a potential problem with serious consequences. Thermal runaway is the most critical, in materials with temperature ...
Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA
Dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) have received tremendous attention as alternative photon harvesting devices. While the sintered TiO2 nanoparticle network attached with dye molecules achieves efficient photon absorption, the electrons have to diffuse through the long TiO2 network to reach the contact, resulting in a high electron density and thus increased recombination. Extensive research ...
C. T. Nadovich ,
 Lafayette College, Easton, PA, USA
The use of grating couplers to couple conventionally phased and polarized light near vertically in and out of optical slab or film waveguides  represents an attractive method to interface optical fiber to photonic ICs. Previously developed grating coupler designs use transversely uniform grating structures matched to conventional scalar fiber modes. The performance of these geometries can be ...