J.R. Puentes, T.A. Osswald, S. Schick, J. Berg
Polymer Engineering Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
TEEL Plastics, Baraboo, WI, USA
The extrusion of polyolefin pipes suffers degradation due to mechanical design problems of the extrusion die that is commonly used. This study uses numerical and computational approaches to detect problematic areas in the die geometry. Simulations show that in the conventional die there are areas of stagnation and recirculation of the melt flow, resulting in greater residence times, one of the ...
Caribbean Industrial Research Institute, Calibration Laboratory, University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
The Polymer Electrolyte Membrane fuel cell is one of the most promising green technologies for addressing portable, as well as transportation power needs. However, the science behind the fuel cell, in many regards, is still an enigma, and even more so, with the vast numbers of novel materials created annually; designed to offset issues related to durability, conductivity, cost- effectiveness and ...
P. Katiyar , S. Khanam ,
 Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, Uttarakhand, India
This paper deals with the simulation of mathematical model for supercritical extraction. Reverchon, 1996 extracted sage oil using supercritical extraction method from sage leaves at 9 MPa and 50 ᵒC. Four mean size of sage leaves ranging from 0.25 to 3.10 mm were taken for extraction with other experimental conditions and process parameters. Experimental results were fitted in the model developed ...
T. Gulati, A. Datta
Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
When rice is subjected to intense heating, it results in rapid evaporation of liquid water to vapor. As a consequence, large pressures are generated within the kernel in a span of 15s resulting in large volume changes causing the kernel to puff rapidly. Under suitable conditions, the ratio of initial volume to volume after puffing could be as high as 10. Rice puffing process is a complex ...
Sulfur Deactivation Effects on Catalytic Steam Reforming of Methane Produced by Biomass Gasification
P. Sadooghi, R. Rauch
Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria
Sulfur, which is incorporated in the biomass structure, is released into the product gas during gasification as hydrogen sulfide. Hydrogen sulfide is known to deactivate nickel based steam reforming catalysts by chemisorption on the metal surface during steam reforming process. Desulfurization has a negative effect on the process efficiency therefore steam reforming has to be run without ...
G. Diglio, P. Bareschino, G. Angrisani, M. Sasso, F. Pepe
Università degli Studi del Sannio, Benevento, Italy
The core unit of desiccant cooling systems is a dehumidifying device, in most cases a wheel made of inert material coated with an adsorbent (silica gel in the present work). Two sections can be identified: air to be dehumidified was passed through the process section, while in the regeneration section water vapour was removed from the adsorbent by means of dry and hot air. Solving gas-phase ...
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA
During the hydraulic fracturing process, there can be possible re-activation of closed/sealed faults and natural fractures in the formation, which may lead to changes in the boundary conditions of the reservoir. While study models of shale gas formations have utilized the concept of a closed reservoir in order to optimize the production of gas in the well-bore, this assumption cannot be adopted ...
O. Silva 
 Amphos 21 Consulting S.L. - iMaGe Consortium, Barcelona, Spain
Gas generation and transport through porous media is a process common to many field applications such as radioactive waste and underground gas storage. In these operations, the gas phase evolution depends on the thermodynamic conditions at depth, the properties of the fluids (density, viscosity, surface tension) and the geological formation (permeability, porosity, retention curve), as well as ...
L. Gurreri , F. Santoro , G. Battaglia , A. Cipollina , A. Tamburini , G. Micale , M. Ciofalo ,
 Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, Gestionale, Informatica, Meccanica (DICGIM), Università degli Studi di Palermo (UNIPA), Palermo, Italy
Salinity gradient represents an interesting renewable energy source. Reverse ElectroDialysis (RED) is an ion exchange membrane-based process that convert directly the salinity gradient energy into electric current. Thereby, two solutions at different concentrations are fed into two series of alternated channels. As various physical phenomena occur in RED units and affect the process performance, ...
O. Akanji, and A. Kolesnikov
Department of Chemical & Metallurgical Engineering
Tshwane University of Technolgy
Pretoria, South Africa
In this work, a 2D dynamic simulation for a portion of metal hydride based hydrogen storage tank was performed using computational software COMSOL 4.0a Multiphysics. The software is used to simulate the diffusion and heating of hydrogen in both radial and axial directions. The model consists of a system of partial differential equations (PDE) describing two dimensional heat and mass transfer of ...