Articles techniques et présentations

Ici vous trouverez les présentations issues des Conférences COMSOL à travers le monde. Réalisées par des utilisateurs de COMSOL Multiphysics, ces présentations explorent tous les domaines actuels d'innovation. Les applications couvrent pratiquement tous les secteurs industriels et impliquent des phénomènes électriques, mécaniques, fluidiques et chimiques. Utilisez la recherche rapide pour trouver les présentations les plus intéressantes dans votre domaine d'intérêt.

Modeling and Simulation of Hydrogen Storage Device for Fuel Cell Plant Using COMSOL Multiphysics

O. Akanji, and A. Kolesnikov
Department of Chemical & Metallurgical Engineering
Tshwane University of Technolgy
Pretoria, South Africa

In this work, a 2D dynamic simulation for a portion of metal hydride based hydrogen storage tank was performed using computational software COMSOL 4.0a Multiphysics. The software is used to simulate the diffusion and heating of hydrogen in both radial and axial directions. The model consists of a system of partial differential equations (PDE) describing two dimensional heat and mass transfer of ...

Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Natural Convection Flow of (Sub-) and (Super-) Critical CO2 in Aqueous Phase

R. Khosrokhavar[1], G. Elsinga[1], R. Farajzadeh[2], H. Bruining[1]
[1]Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherland
[2]Shell International Global Solutions, Amsterdam, The Netherland

Optimal storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) in aquifers requires dissolution in the aqueous phase. Transfer of CO2 from the gas phase to the aqueous phase or oil phase would be slow if it were only driven by diffusion. Dissolution of CO2 in brine (oil) forms a mixture that is denser than the original brine. This causes a local density increase, which induces natural convection currents accelerating ...

A Preliminary Approach to the Neutronics of the Molten Salt Reactor by Means of COMSOL Multiphysics®

V. Memoli[1], A. Cammi[1], V. Di Marcello[1], and L. Luzzi[1]
[1]Nuclear Engineering Division, Department of Energy, Politecnico di Milano, Milano, Italy

The Molten Salt Reactor (MSR), proposed along with other five innovative concepts of fission nuclear reactor by the Generation IV International Forum (GIF-IV), represents a challenging task from the modeling perspective because of the strong coupling between neutronics and thermo-hydrodynamics due to liquid fuel circulation in the primary loop. In this paper COMSOL Multiphysics® is adopted to ...

The Swelling Responsiveness of pH-Sensitive Hydrogels in 3D Arbitrary Shaped Geometry

K. J. Suthar[1], D. C. Mancini[2], M. K. Ghantasala[3]
[1]Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA
[2]Physical Sciences and Engineering, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA
[3]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI, USA

The pH-sensitive hydrogels are responsive to the pH of surrounding solution, which often resemble to biomaterials. Recently, pH-sensitive hydrogels are widely used in various devices as sensing media. We present the simulation of swelling characteristic of 3D-arbitarary-geometry, pH-sensitive hydrogel in steady state conditions. Three nonlinear partial-differential equations that are ...

Time Dependent Simulations of Thermoelectric Thin Films and Nanowires for Direct Determination of their Efficiency with COMSOL Multiphysics®

M. Muñoz Rojo[1], J. Jose Romero[1], D. Ramos[1], D. Borca-Tasciuc[2], T. Borca-Tasciuc[2], M. Martín Gonzalez[1]
[1]Instituto de Microelectrónica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
[2]Rensselaer Polytechnique Institute, Troy, New York, USA

Thermoelectric materials are one of the most promising materials for future and nowadays energy harvesting devices, as they can convert heat into electricity and vice-versa. The efficiency of thermoelectric materials is related with the figure of merit, ZT. Our work deals with the determination of the parameters that affect the measurement of the ZT with the Harman technique and the best ...

Modeling of Turbulent Combustion in COMSOL Multiphysics®

D. Lahaye[1], L. Cheng[2]
[1]DIAM, EEMCS Faculty, TU Delft, The Netherlands
[2]Tsinghua University, Beijing, China

In the production of high quality materials by a heat treatment, it is indispensable to accurately predict the temperature inside the furnaces being employed. In this work we develop a turbulent combustion model for the heat being released by gas burners inside a shaft kiln. Turbulent combustion is the strongly coupled phenomena of the chemically reacting fuel and oxygen in a turbulent flow. We ...

Modeling Flow and Deformation During Salt-Assisted Puffing of Single Rice Kernels - new

T. Gulati[1], A. K. Datta[1]
[1]Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Puffing of biomaterials involves mass, momentum and energy transport along with large volumetric expansion of the material. Development of physics-based models that can describe heat and moisture transport, rapid evaporation and large deformations can help understand the puffing process. In this context, a fundamentals based study of salt-assisted puffing of rice is described. A multiphase model ...

CFD/Electromagnetics Interactions via Realistic Heat and Mass Transfer to Moist Substrates - new

G. Ruocco[1], M. V. De Bonis[2]
[1]Engineering College, University of Basilicata, Potenza, Italy
[2]I​nstitute of Food Science and Production, National Research Council, Bari, I​taly

Localized convection heat and mass transfer can be intensified and optimized by providing exposure to electromagnetic energy. Conjugate heat and mass transfer are configured by solving the momentum, heat and mass transfer simultaneously in both solid (substrate, comprising of a two-phase chemical species) and fluid (auxiliary air) phases. In this way the heat and mass fluxes vary seamlessly ...

Optimization of the Herringbone Type Micromixer Using Numerical Modelling and Validation by Measurements - new

E. Tóth[1], K. Iván[1], P. Fürjes[2]
[1]Pázmány Péter Catholic University, Budapest, Hungary
[2]Research Centre for Natural Sciences Institute for Technical Physics and Materials Science Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary

COMSOL Multiphysics® software was used in this study to simulate mixing by diffusion and by secondary flow. Particle tracing model was applied to simulate the mixing of cells in the microchannel. Results agreed well with the measurement, an optimal herring-bone structure was proposed for integration into a bioanalytical system.

Reynolds Number Dependent Porous Media Flow Using the Brinkman Equation

R. Rieck[1], A. Bénard[1], and C. Petty[1]
[1]Michigan State University, Michigan, USA

Porous media fluid dynamic modeling has been widely explored and utilized in many academic and industrial applications. Cross flow filtration being one attractive application, whereas the fluid and filtrate flow parallel the porous media, and thereby induce shearing stress along the membrane surface to reduce fouling. In modeling porous media flow, it is common to describe the porous domain by ...

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