M. Giansetti, A. Pezzin, S. Sicardi, G. Rovero
Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy
Within wool textile industries, a very important role is played by the so-called finishing processes, in which the textile substrate undergoes steam treatments to achieve the desired level of stabilisation and appearance. Process parameters, namely temperature and moisture content, are known only at the beginning of the process but not in the textile material being treated, where the actual ...
P. L. Mills, A. Nagaraj
Department of Chemical & Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX, USA
Department of Environmental Engineering, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX, USA
Introduction: Development of next-generation chemical processes that have zero emissions is a key environmental objective for sustainable development. The manufacture of H2SO4 by the air oxidation of SO2 to SO3 is an important technology where an opportunity exists for new catalyst development and process innovation by reducing emissions of unconverted SO2 in process reactor tail gases owing to ...
C. F. Gomez, R. Schunk, R. F. Coker, J. Knox
NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA
The objective of this simulation effort is to develop a mathematical model of vacuum desorption on a POC (Proof of Concept) canister loaded with Zeolite 13X/5A . This canister contains a pelletized adsorption bed which is used to adsorb H2O and CO2. Once this bed is fully saturated with an equilibrium loading, desorption is then accomplished by reducing the pressure to near vacuum. This type of ...
D. Cardoen[1,2], B. B. Sales, J. Helsen, A. Verliefde
VITO, Mol, Belgium
Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
Capacitive deionization (CDI) is a desalination technology which is based on the storage of ions in the electrical double layer of a pair of oppositely polarized porous carbon electrodes, which are usually assembled using activated carbon particles (Figure 1). It is efficiently deployed for desalinating water with moderate salt content (eg in domestic water softening). To broaden its ...
R. Samso, N. Forquet, P. Molle, J. Garcia
Department of Hydraulic, Maritime and Environmental Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya-BarcelonaTech, Barcelona, Spain
IRSTEA, Freshwater Systems, Ecology and Pollution Research Unit, Villeurbanne, France
Horizontal-Flow Constructed Wetlands (HFCWs) are a particular type of biofilter, and as such they rely mostly on the activity of bacterial communities to treat wastewater. Bacterial growth in HFCWs induces dramatic changes in its hydraulic and hydrodynamic behaviour (bioclogging), which may eventually result in overland flow of wastewater. Consequently, clogging is the main cause of premature ...
C. Grau Turuelo, C. Breitkopf
Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany
The void shape evolution of silicon is a process driven mainly by surface diffusion which leads to a geometrical transformation of trenches etched in silicon wafers due to surface energy minimization. The temperature, the ambient gas and the annealing time affect the velocity of the process. The use of custom PDEs in COMSOL Multiphysics® software and the Level-Set method provide a good base ...
H. Cremasco, K. Angilelli, D. Borsato
Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Londrina, Paraná, Brazil
The transfer of sucrose and fructooligosaccharides to melon and water to solution was modeled based on generalized form of Fick’s second law for simultaneous diffusion and resolved by the finite element method using the software package COMSOL Multiphysics® software. The diffusion coefficients, the mass transfer coefficient and the Biot number were determined using the simplex optimization ...
N. N. V. Ramirez, L. M. Raymundo, J. O. Trierweiler
Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
It is desired to design a photobioreactor for the production of voluminous samples of microalgae for lipid quantification. The reactor should provide good growing conditions even with periodic withdrawal of samples. It also should be compact for better use of laboratory space. Therefore, a photobioreactor with concentric tubes was modeled to verify the circulation of the culture medium. The ...
R&D Process Design Principal Engineer, Procter & Gamble, Italy
Outline of presentation: Comsol is a very flexible platform, ideal to model rheology modification under flow Analogy with reactive flows allows modeling of both thixotropy and gelation with decent level of accuracy and predictability It is possible, to a certain extent, to use 1D rheology to extrapolate 3D behavior ---------------------------------- Keynote speaker's biography:Vincenzo ...
R. Inglés, J. Pallares, J.L. Ramirez, and E. Llobet
Dept. of Electronic, Electrical and Automatic Control Engineering, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Spain
Department of Mechanical Engineering School of Chemical
Engineering Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Spain
We use finite elements simulations in order to study the fluid flow behavior in a chamber of a preconcentrator. We realized that most part of the fluid does not affect our preconcentrator because it is going out the chamber at high distance above it and parallel to the preconcentrator. So, we are wasting most part of our fluid and we need a lot of time to have a good concentrator factor. We ...