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Turbulent Flow Over a Backward Facing Step

Application ID: 228

The backward facing step is an interesting case for studying the performance and solution strategy of a turbulence model. In this case, the flow is subjected to a sudden increase of cross-sectional area, resulting in a separation of flow starting at the point of expansion.

Spatial variations in the velocity field cause production of turbulence outside the wall region and its interaction with the mean flow influences the size of the separation bubble. The size of the bubble, or the re-attachment length, is one of the quantities that must be predicted accurately by a turbulence model.

Ce modèle a été construit avec les éléments suivants:

CFD Module Heat Transfer Module

The combination of COMSOL® products required to model your application depends on the physics interfaces that define it. Particular physics interfaces may be common to several products (see the Specification Chart for more details). To determine the right combination of products for your project, you should evaluate all of your needs in light of each product's capabilities, consultation with the COMSOL Sales and Support teams, and the use of an evaluation license.