S. Francois, and P. Namy
Nexans Research Center, Lyon cedex, France
SIMTEC, Grenoble, France
Power over Ethernet (PoE/PoE+) is a technology allowing to transmit data and power over the same data cable. The major concern for this technology is the degradation of data transmission performances due to the temperature increase in the cable. To have a better quantitative and qualitative knowledge of the temperature field in the cables, Nexans has developed a 2D finite element thermal model ...
T. Bödrich, H. Neubert, and R. Disselnkötter
Technische Universität Dresden, Germany
ABB AG, Forschungszentrum Deutschland, Ladenburg, Germany
The operation of transformers is characterised by strong dynamic interactions between the magnetic system and the electric circuits that are connected to the primary and econdary windings. Transient finite element modelling (FEM) of the transformer with coupling to SPICE circuit models containing the electrical sources and loads is a powerful means for analysis and design. This paper describes ...
J. Berthier, R. Renaudot, P. Dalle, G. Blanco-Gomez, F. Rivera, P. Caillat, and V. Agache
CEA-LETI, Grenoble, France
With the current trend towards always more complexity associated to more functionalities in biotechnological systems, it is required to know with accuracy the pressure drop in the circuitry of microfluidic systems. In general, a full three-dimensional calculation is not tractable due to the limited capacity of the computers. However, computational models can help to produce pressure drop ...
S. Audière[1,2], M. Charbit, E. Angelini, V. Miette, J. Oudry, and L. Sandrin
Institut Telecom, Telecom ParisTech, Paris, France
Echosens, Paris, France
The Fibroscan® (Echosens, Paris, France) device based on vibration–controlled transient elastography (VCTE) is used to non– invasively assess liver stiffness correlated to the hepatic fibrosis. Stiffness is quantified by measuring the velocity of a low–frequency shear wave traveling through the liver, which is proportional to the Young’s modulus E. It has been demonstrated that E is ...
Modelling the Effects of Temperature and Moisture Ingress on Capacitance and Dissipation Factor Measurements within Oil Impregnated Paper Transformer Bushings
D. Smith, S.G. McMeekin, B.G. Stewart, and P.A. Wallace
Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom
The majority of power transformer high voltage bushings today are of the condenser oil impregnated paper (OIP) type. The ingress of moisture, through the deterioration of the bushing over time, can result in a significant reduction in life and is a major failure mode of these bushings. Currently, the measurement of capacitance and dissipation factor is the most common method used to assess the ...
Y. Pennec, Y. El Hassouani, C. Li, B.D. Rouhani, E.H. El Boudouti, H. Larabi, and A. Akjouj
Institut d’Electronique, de Microélectronique et de Nanotechnologie, Université de Lille, Villeneuve d’Ascq, France
Phononic crystals are a class of materials that exhibit periodic variations in their density and elastic properties. Such crystals modify the propagation of acoustic waves and prohibit the propagation of sound for frequencies within the band gap. We discuss the simultaneous existence of phononic and photonic band gaps in a periodic array of silicon pillars deposited on a homogeneous SiO2 ...
I. Bogdanov, S. Jardel, A. Turki, and A. Kamp
Open & Experimental Centre for Heavy Oil, University of Pau, Pau, France
Pore-scale modeling of multiphase flow through porous media is addressed most frequently to improve our understanding of flow and transport phenomena in such settings. It can be used to obtain macro-scale constitutive equations, to assign multiphase flow properties in large scale models, to predict how these properties may vary with rock type, wettability, etc. The description of a physical ...
Université Paris-Est, CERTES, Créteil Cedex, France
In this paper, thermal properties of composites are investigated numerically and experimentally. In the numerical study, finite-elements method in COMSOL is used to modelize heat transfer and to calculate the Effective Thermal Conductivity (ETC) of the composite for three elementary cells, such as simple cubic (SC), body centered cubic (BCC) and face centered cubic (FCC). The effect of the filler ...
B. Marmo, and B. Carruthers
Reactec Ltd., Edinburgh, United Kingdom
The onshore wind turbine industry must overcome many technical, commercial, and environmental difficulties. A significant element for planning consent is operational noise. Acoustic limits are strictly enforced and can lead to near-neighbour complaints as well as contractual disputes. Reactec have diagnosed, analysed and solved a problematic tonal resonance for a major wind turbine generator ...
Finite Element Analysis Of Permeation Tests On Articular Cartilage Under Different Testing Conditions Using COMSOL Multiphysics
G. Spatafora, and F. Boschetti
Structural Engineering Department, Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy
IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, Milan, Italy
Articular cartilage is composed by a charged solid matrix (proteoglycan and collagen fibres) and an interstitial fluid phase. The permeability of articular cartilage is a function of compression load applied on the tissue, the solid matrix underwent a compaction that decreased its value for increasing deformation. The study of the permeability is very useful to understand the onset and ...