Using COMSOL Multiphysics to Model Crust Development at the Surface of Whole Beef Meat Subjected to Hot Air Jet
J. Sicard , S. Portanguen , C. Chevarin , A. Kondjoyan 
 INRA Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Saint-Genès-Champanelle, FRANCE
Crust which develops at the surface of meat leads to reactions which affect food color, flavor and safety. Whole pieces of meat are only contaminated by microorganisms at their surface. Thus intense thermal treatment can inactivate pathogenic bacteria; however the associated high temperatures also lead to the formation of carcinogenic compounds. An experimental study of crust development at ...
D. R. M. Vieira , S. A. Cardoso , A. S. Santos ,
 Universidade Federal do Pará, Pará, Brasil
A biotransformação de substratos utilizando enzimas imobilizadas em nanopartículas presentes num meio fluido (substrato), contido num bioreator CSTR, foi investigada. O software COMSOL Multiphysics foi usado para simular o sistema através do uso das equações de difusão de espécies apropriadas para o consumo do substrato. Nessa investigação, a difusão na superfície da nanopartícula, onde ocorre a ...
B. Niu, W. Yan, A.A. Shapiro, and E.H. Stenby
Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
As an effective method to cope with green-house gas emission, and to enhance oil recovery, injection of carbon dioxide into oil reservoirs has obtained increasing attentions. The flooding process involves complex phase behavior among oil, brine and CO2, and geochemical reaction between CO2 and rock. COMSOL Multiphysics® was first applied to simulating two flooding processes with known ...
Simulation and Design of a Microfluidic Respirometer for Semi-Continuous Amperometric Short Time Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BODST) Analysis
F.J. del Campo, A. Torrents, J. Mas, F.X. Muñoz
Instituto de Microelectronica de Barcelona, IMB-CNM (CSIC), Campus Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain
Departement de Genètica i Microbiologia, Campus Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain
Introduction: This work presents the design of a novel flow cell based miniaturized electrochemical respirometer to monitor organic content in water samples semi-continuously, in contrast to current Biochemical Oxygen Demand, BOD, methods. Simulation techniques has been used to parameterize and optimize aspects such as height and length of the channels, materials and thickness, flow and oxygen ...
S. Makridis, E.I. Gkanas, A. Ioannidou, E.S. Kikkinides, A.K. Stubos
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Western Macedonia, Kozani, Greece & Environmental Research Laboratory, Institute of Nuclear Technology and Radiation Protection, NCSR “Demokritos”, Athens, Greece
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Western Macedonia, Kozani, Greece
Environmental Research Laboratory, Institute of Nuclear Technology and Radiation Protection, NCSR “Demokritos”, Athens, Greece
Hydrogen, the most abundant element in the universe, has great potential as an energy source, and can be generated from renewable energy sources. We used COMSOL for the solution of the energy, mass and momentum balance equations that describe the hydrogen absorption and desorption procedure in the metal hydride compressor. Thermodynamic or engineering properties like the reaction enthalpy ??, ...
Design and Characterization of a Small Volume Reactor for the High Pressure Invacuo Study of Catalytic Surface Reactions
C. Clark[1,2], J. Fulton, T. Adams, E. Podgornov, and F. Zaera
Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Riverside, CA, USA
Naval Surface Warfare Center, Corona, CA, USA
Naval Surface Warfare Center, Crane, IN, USA
Department of Chemistry, University of California, Riverside, CA, USA
The design and construction of ultra-high vacuum (UHV) systems for the study of surface reactions has lead to high impact innovation in a myriad of industries. A small volume reactor compatible with ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) surface-science instrumentation has been designed, modeled and tested for the study of the kinetics of surface chemical reactions on single crystals. CO oxidation experiments ...
J. Selig, and S. Lin
Lamar University, Beaumont, TX, USA
Self-propagating High-temperature Synthesis (SHS), a very economical synthesis of oxides was used in our lab to produce oxide materials. SHS process uses a highly exothermic reaction to convert reactants rapidly to pure products with minimal external energy input. This reaction is initiated by an igniter and reaction front propagates from the ignition through the rest of the sample. The fast ...
E. Salomatova, D. Trushnikov, V. Belenkiy, V. Tsaplin
Perm National Research Polytechnic University, Perm, Russia
In this paper describes an original method for indirect measurement of the vapor pressure and temperature in the keyhole in electron beam welding. This method is based on the determination of the concentration of chemical elements in the vapor above the welding zone. Taking into account these data model is built 2D diffusion processes with heat and mass transfer elements in the melt, which ...
M. Yang, A. Young, and B. Crittenden
Department of Chemical Engineering University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom
A small batch stirred cell which is operated at temperatures up to 400 °C and pressures up to 30 bar is used to study fouling behaviors of selected crude oils. COMSOL Multiphysics package is used for the CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) and heat transfer modeling for this stirred cell system. The simulation results are validated against the measured temperature data at various axial ...
Relevance of Hydro-Mechanical-Chemical Processes Involved in the Construction and Operation of Copper Heap Leach Pads
M. Tincopa, A. Nardi, G. Roman-Ross , J. Molinero
Technic University of Catalonia (UPC), Barcelona, Spain
Amphos 21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
Heap leaching in the mining industry had become a sophisticated practice at least 500 years ago. It is a mineral processing technology whereby piles of crushed Run-of–Mine rock are leached with chemical solutions to extract minerals. The goal of this work is to contribute to the understanding of the behavior of a heap leach pad by using coupled Hydro-Mechanical-Chemical simulations. COMSOL ...