J. Crompton, S. Yushanov, K. Koppenhoefer
AltaSim Technologies, Columbus, OH, USA
The Mie solution to the scattering of electromagnetic waves by spherical particles has been examined using COMSOL Multiphysics®. The results assume elastic scattering only and do not include Brillouin or Raman scattering. The nature of the interaction has been considered for materials with three different properties: metallic, magnetic and dielectric. The solutions provide details of the ...
L. Wang ,
 Konica Minolta Laboratory USA, Inc., San Mateo, CA, USA
Organic light emitting diode (OLED) is an emerging technology for next-generation flat panel display and solid-state area lighting thanks to its many advantages such as light weight, low operating voltage, and flexibility, etc. A typical OLED has a multilayer structure that includes a glass or plastic substrate, an anode (ITO), a hole transport layer (HTL), an emitting layer (EML), an electron ...
I. Avram, and I. Gavril Tarnovan
The Technical University of Cluj Napoca
This paper presents a study on the propagation modes of electromagnetic waves through a step index fiber optics. To analyze the propagation of electromagnetic field, a simulation in Comsol 4.0 has been implemented using two different optical fibers. Obtaining the propagation modes, called linearly polarized modes (LPnm) to get their characterization according to the radial and azimuthal ...
J. Crompton, S. Yushanov, L.T. Gritter, K.C. Koppenhoefer
AltaSim Technologies, Columbus, OH, USA
The resonance conditions for surface plasmons are influenced by the type and amount of material on a surface. Full insight into surface plasmon resonance requires quantum mechanics considerations. However, it can be also described in terms of classical electromagnetic theory by considering electromagnetic wave reflection, transmission, and absorption for the multi-layer medium. The two commonly ...
S. Sun [1,2], and G. Guo [2,3]
Physics Division, National Center for Theoretical Sciences (North), National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan
Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan
Graduate Institute of Applied Physics, National Chengchi University, Taipei 11605, Taiwan
This paper will present research about: * Effective-medium properties of metamaterials: A quasi-mode theory * 2D complete band gaps from 1D photonic crystal * Optical microcavities
F. S. Alleyne , R. R. Milczarek ,
 Healthy Processed Foods Research Unit, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Albany, CA, USA
Solar drying is a ubiquitous method that has been adopted for many years as a food preservation method. Most of the published articles in the literature provide insight on the performance of solar dryers in service but little information on the dryer construction material selection process or material attributes that allow them to be selected as candidates in solar dryer designs. 1–7 ...
J. J. Mahakud, D. Sengupta
Institute of Technical Education & Research, Siksha 'O' Anusandhan University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
Solar energy is the cleanest form of renewable energy. The most popular form of utilization of solar energy is through the use of photovoltaic cells. Currently the efficiency of available solar cells lies below 20%. To increase the efficiency, multi-junction can be used in solar cells. While developing such devices we need platform to study various characteristics and parameters to optimize ...
Z. Liang, Z. Meng, K. Jie, Y. Benxi
Institute of Optics and Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, China
Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
This paper introduces the concept, research methods and application of photonic crystals. Starting from Maxwell's equations, the functional form of the TE mode and TM mode of the 2D crystal is derived. In 2D crystal, according to the functional forms, we conduct some stimulation about two-demensional photonic crystal with line-defect and dot-defect, forming some results as following: 1. ...
G. Poulain, D. Blanc, A. Kaminski, B. Semmache, and M. Lemiti
Université de Lyon: Institut des Nanotechnologies de Lyon INL, CNRS, INSA de Lyon, Villeurbanne, France
SEMCO Eng., Montpellier Cedex 5 - France
Silicon solar cells still require cost reduction and improved efficiency to become more competitive. New architectures can provide a significant increase in efficiency, but today most of the approaches need additional processing steps. In this context, laser processing offers a unique way to replace technological steps like photolithography that is not compatible with the requirements of the ...
C. T. Nadovich ,
 Lafayette College, Easton, PA, USA
The use of grating couplers to couple conventionally phased and polarized light near vertically in and out of optical slab or film waveguides  represents an attractive method to interface optical fiber to photonic ICs. Previously developed grating coupler designs use transversely uniform grating structures matched to conventional scalar fiber modes. The performance of these geometries can be ...