A. Nyman, M. Behm, and G. Lindbergh
Applied Electrochemistry, School of Chemical Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology Stockholm, Sweden
Modeling of mass transport is an important step in evaluating lithium-ion battery electrolytes and understanding cell performance. For high-power applications, concentration gradients in the electrolyte lead to limiting currents, which limit the power-density of the battery. The model has been used for determining a complete set of transport and thermodynamic properties for LiPF6 dissolved in an ...
Designing the Actuator for the Next-Generation Astronomical Deformable Mirrors: a Multidisciplinary and Multiphysics Approach
C. Del Vecchio, R. Biasi , D. Gallieni, and A. Riccardi
INAF-OAA, Fierenze, Italy
Microgate Srl, Bolzano, Italy
ADS International Srl, Valmadrera, Italy
The actuation system of the deformable mirror is one of the crucial components of an Adaptive Optics unit. One possible implementation comprehends a linear force motor and a capacitive sensor providing the feedback measure signal. Choosing a magnetic circuit that makes optimum use of the magnetic force delivered by a current and properly arranging the electrostatic geometry allows to obtain very ...
S. Burgarella, B. Dell’Anna, V. Perna, G. Zarola, and S. Merlo
STMicroelectronics, Agrate Brianza, MI, Italy
Dipartimento di Elettronica, Università degli Studi di Pavia, Pavia, Italy
Dielectrophoresis (DEP) is a method for cell manipulation without physical contact in lab-on-chip devices, since it exploits the dielectric properties of cells suspended in a microfluidic sample, under the action of locally generated high-gradient electric fields. The DEP platform that has been developed offers an integrated solution for customizable applications. Several functional units, ...
E. R. Blatchley, and B.Z. Sun
Department of Civil Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
Mineral precipitation on to the quartz surface of the lamp jackets in UV disinfection process (fouling) has been recognized as a major problem for UV radiation delivery during disinfection operation. Fouling behavior was observed to be induced thermally and influenced by hydraulic character of the UV disinfection configuration. Fouling process involves momentum, heat, and mass transport within ...
V. Sharma, S. K. Dash, G. Vijaykumar, B. K. Nashine, B. Krishnakumar, P. Kalyanasundaram, and G. Vaidyanathan
Fast Reactor Technology Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu, India
Permanent Magnet Flowmeter (PMFM) is a non invasive device, which is used to measure the flow of electricallyconducting sodium in Fast Breeder Reactor Circuits. PMFM works on the principle of generation of motional EMF by magnetic forces exerted on the charges in a moving conductor. In this paper modeling of PMFM with different pipe sizes is done to predict the flowmeter output for a given ...
J.L. Smart, and M. Kaliszan
University of Kentucky, Paducah, KY, USA
Medical University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland
COMSOL Multiphysics® 4.0 was used to study conductive and convective heat transfer from the human eyeball to the surrounding air. Postmortem temperature decay curves were collected in eyeballs of numerous human corpses. Of course, these curves represent only a portion of the complete temperature decay curve, since the pathologist is able to start collecting temperature data only after some ...
G. Petrone, G. Cammarata, and L. Cammarata
Department of Industrial and Mechanical Engineering, University of Catania, Italy
This study aims to numerically investigate on a passive solar system for indoor heating called as \"Trombe wall\". The transient buoyancy driven flow characterizing that system and the thermal distribution are solved by numerically integrating the governing equations in COMSOL Multiphysics environment. Simulations are carried-out for a time range corresponding to 12 days. The results are ...
J.M. Gozalvez-Zafrilla, M.C. Leon-Hidalgo, J. Lora-Garcia, A. Santafe-Moros, and J.C. Garcia-Diaz
Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Brine disposal from desalination plants placed in inland areas far from sea is an important problem. Evaporation ponds can be used for reducing the waste to solid state but they require huge amounts of land. Evaporation using arrays of wet surfaces can minimize the land requirements. One characteristic of the methods based on natural evaporation is the uncertainty associated to the influent ...
E. Engström, B. Balfors, and R. Thunvik
Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
In this study we evaluate transport, retention and subsistence of Escherichia coli (E. coli), a common fecal indicator bacteria, in a model (2x1m) of a constructed wetland. Transport occurs in the unsaturated and saturated zone. Inactivation is accounted for as a kinetic first-order process. Retention is assumed to be dominated by solid-air-water interface straining and is modeled with a kinetic ...
J-W. Braxton Bragg, J. Dickens, A. Neuber, and K. Long
Center for Pulsed Power and Power Electronics, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX
Dept. of Mathematics, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX
Ferrimagnetic based, coaxial nonlinear transmission lines (NLTLs) provide a means to generate sub-nanosecond risetime pulses (from nano-second input pulses) or megawatt level high power microwave oscillations, depending on the geometry, material, and external bias fields. This investigation uses the commercially available, finite element solver COMSOL to provide insight into pulse behavior. ...