Ici vous trouverez les présentations issues des Conférences COMSOL à travers le monde. Réalisées par des utilisateurs de COMSOL Multiphysics, ces présentations explorent tous les domaines actuels d'innovation. Les applications couvrent pratiquement tous les secteurs industriels et impliquent des phénomènes électriques, mécaniques, fluidiques et chimiques. Utilisez la recherche rapide pour trouver les présentations les plus intéressantes dans votre domaine d'intérêt.
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COMSOL-News-Magazine-2016

Simulating Wear in Disc Brakes - new

N. H. Elabbasi[1], M. J. Hancock[1], S. B. Brown[1]
[1]Veryst Engineering, LLC, Needham, MA, USA

Wear is a complex phenomenon relevant to many problems involving frictional contact, such as mechanical brakes, seals, metal forming, and orthopedic implants. The rate of wear depends on the properties of the contacting materials and operating conditions. One widely used model of wear is Archard’s law, which relates the rate of material removal due to wear to the contact pressure, sliding ...

Improving the Sensoring of PEM Fuel Cell by Numerical Techniques - new

S. Skoda[1], E. Robalinho[2], E. F. Cunha[1], M. Linardi[1]
[1]Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares - IPEN/CNEN-SP, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
[2]Universidade Nove de Julho - UNINOVE, São Paulo, SP, Brazil

The use of numerical techniques in PEM fuel cell sensoring represents an advantage of project engineering, reducing the costs and accelerating the manufacturing of prototypes. In this work some numerical responses are shown, relating to numerical sensoring of water and oxygen mole fractions at cathode of a 5 cm² of geometric area PEM fuel cell. The need to recognize a geometric figure of merit ...

Modeling of Asphaltenes and Oil Shale Pyrolysis - new

J. P. Mmbaga[1], F. Munoz[2], S. Dhir[1], R. Gupta[1], R. E. Hayes[1], M. Toledo[2]
[1]University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
[2]Departamento de Ingenieria Mecanica, Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa Maria, Valparaiso, Chile

Pyrolysis is a key step in the conversion of carbonaceous materials into useful products. In this study, we investigate the pyrolysis of asphaltene and oil shale, both experimentally and numerically. COMSOL Multiphysics® software is used to model the combined effects of fluid flow in porous media, mass transfer of species, heat transfer, and reaction kinetics. Gas evolution and the porosity ...

Passive Thermal Control for Window Insulation - new

E. Konroyd-Bolden[1], Dr. Z. Liao[1]
[1]Department of Architectural Science, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada

A requirement of the building envelope is to act as environmental separator. Energy is one component that we sometimes wish to control. How can this yield passive benefits such as solar heating? This research focuses on control of thermal radiation energy, and the role windows play as transfer medium between indoor and outdoor environments. A novel concept for passively controlling solar ...

Design of Multiple Ground System for Maternal Defibrillation - new

A. Jeremic[1], E. Khoshrowshahli[2]
[1]Electrical & Computer Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
[2]Biomedical Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada

Although cardiac arrest may be statistically insignificant event financial and more important emotional costs in such cases are quite devastating. In this paper we study the effects of multiple grounding pads. Namely, we believe that by placing multiple pads in the lower abdominal part we would be able to decrease the current density that would be dissipated to fetus and amniotic ...

稳态磁场对激光熔凝熔池的抑制作用研究 - new

王梁[1], 胡勇[1]
[1]浙江工业大学,杭州,浙江,中国

激光熔凝通常被作为材料表面的最终处理工艺,然而激光熔凝处理后,材料表面容易出现高低起伏的波纹,降低了其表面质量。因此,为了在激光熔凝处理后获得平整的表面,同时降低后续机加工所需的成本和时间,本文提出了利用稳态磁场抑制激光所致熔池运动的方法。以固液相变统一模型为基础,建立了考虑热传导、流体运动、相变及电磁场作用的多物理场耦合2D瞬态仿真模型,将洛仑兹力以体积力形式添加到动量方程源项中,并利用移动网格(ALE)的方法在模型中计算了熔池表面的运动形态。通过该模型计算了由稳态磁场引起的熔池中的洛伦兹力与由表面张力引起的Marangoni对流影响熔池表面形貌的相互影响过程以及不同磁场强度下熔池速度场、温度场分布情况。同时,包含激光功率、扫描速度、表面张力温度系数等相关材料属性和工艺参数对熔池表面形貌的影响也进行了仿真分析。通过激光熔凝后试样表面的实际高度扫面图像结果以及温度对比图 ...

Numerical Analysis of the Flow Structure in the Continuous Casting Two-strand Tundish

M. Warzecha [1], J. Jowsa [1], A. M. Hutny [1], P. Warzecha [1], T. Merder [2]
[1] Czestochowa University of Technology, Czestochowa, Poland
[2] Silesian University of Technology, Katowice, Poland

Calculations were carried out for the water model of the investigated tundish, represented on a scale 1:3. Numerical calculations enable to estimate the fluid flow velocities, pahtlines and other parameters. Calculations were done for two different grids. Based on the results, the flow structure in the investigated tundish was obtained.

Flow and Mixing in the Liquid between Bubbles

B. Finlayson[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA

Mixing is characterized in liquids moving between bubbles when the bubbles are moving down a microfluidic channel. The shape is assumed based on fluid mechanical arguments and experimental observations, and the mixing is characterized for a variety of situations in two and three-dimensions. In COMSOL Multiphysics, an integration coupling variable was used by solving the problem in two dimensions ...

Bending of a Stented Atherosclerotic Artery

H.C. Wong[1], K.N. Cho[1], and W.C. Tang[1]

[1]Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of California, Irvine, California, USA

Atherosclerosis causes the deposition of plaque on the inner walls of arteries, which leads to restricted blood flow. Using the balloon angioplasty procedure, stents can be inserted and expanded in the atherosclerotic artery. We used COMSOL Multiphysics Structural Mechanics, Solid Stress-Strain module to perform static, large deformation analyses. Our results show that lower stent stresses were ...

Hydro-Mechanical Response of Sedimentary Rocks of Southern Ontario to Past Glaciations

O. Nasir[1], M.Fall[1], T.S. Nguyen[1,2], and E. Evgin[1]
[1]Department of Civil Engineering, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
[2]Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

The last glacial cycle in the Northern Hemisphere started approximately 120,000 year ago. During that cycle, Southern Ontario was buried under a continental ice cap, with a maximum thickness of up to 3km. The ice cap retreated approximately 10,000 years ago. The COMSOL Multiphysics code is used to model the physical processes of the impact of past glaciations on the evolution of hydraulic system ...