Modeling of Ultrasonic Transducers and Ultrasonic Wave Propagation for Commercial Applications Using Finite Elements with Experimental Visualization of Waves for Validation - new
D. R. Andrews
Cambridge Ultrasonics, Over, UK
Finite element (FE) modelling of ultrasonic propagation using COMSOL Multiphysics® simulations can be used to create images of waves. Unfortunately, in time-stepping solutions, it is possible for numerical instabilities to grow large and dominate the solution adversely. Any design of transducer that is based upon poorly-configured FE models is unlikely to perform as expected and will almost ...
X. Gong, R. Wan
University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
THM (Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical) behavior of the reservoir during SAGD (Steam-Assistant-Gravity-Drainage) was studied through a proper constitutive modeling of the porous media. Specifically, a generalized density-stress-fabric dependent elasto-plastic model with stress-dilatancy and plastic damage as main ingredients was implemented into COMSOL Multiphysics®, to model geomechanical behavior during ...
R. Eze , G. Sivulka , ,
 City University of New York - LaGuardia Community College, Long Island City, NY, USA
 Regis High School, New York, NY, USA
The detection, characterization, and classification of underground environmental hazardous objects [mines, IEDs, and other unexploded military hardware] is a worldwide problem that needs urgent attention and solution. While electromagnetic sensor technologies have been applied to identify these hazards, increasingly low dielectric contrast between newer, sophisticated landmines, and complex ...
O. Silva ,
 Amphos 21 Consulting S.L., Barcelona, Spain
Injection conditions of CO2 at the wellhead may play a major role on the flow behavior through the wellbore. The density and the injection rate reached at the bottomhole are key factors affecting the performance and efficiency of CO2 geological storage. In this work, a model of non-isothermal flow of CO2 in injection wells is developed using COMSOL Multiphysics® software and used to assess ...
Numerical Study of Flux Models for CO2 - Enhanced Natural Gas Recovery and Potential CO2 Storage in Shale Gas Reservoirs - new
N. Prajapati, P. L. Mills
Department of Chemical & Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX, USA
This work encompasses different physics involved in fluid flow in shale gas reservoir. Non-linear equations for fluid flow are solved with COMSOL Multiphysics® PDE module. It focuses on comparing the performance of various species transport flux models by accounting for inter-molecular interactions and gas-rock interactions.
Full Coupling of Flow, Thermal and Mechanical Effects in COMSOL Multiphysics® for Simulation of Enhanced Geothermal Reservoirs
D. Sijacic, P. Fokker
TNO, Utrecht, The Netherlands
The effective modeling of enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) requires the coupling of geomechanics, fluid flow and thermal processes. An understanding of the complete system with these coupled processes is vital, not just for reservoir stimulation targeted at enhancing reservoir performance, but also for the understanding, prediction and prevention of induced seismicity. Thermal effects however ...
Georg-August University, Göttingen, Germany
Energy piles, i.e. heat exchangers located within the foundation piles of buildings, are used for heating of cooling purposes. Although the absolute values of deformations and temperature gradients are low or moderate, the entire setting can be influenced by thermo-hydro-mechanical coupling. The fluctuating thermal regime may affect the deformation of pile and surrounding ground as effect of ...
Submarine Gas Hydrate Reservoir Simulations - A Gas/Liquid Fluid Flow Model for Gas Hydrate Containing Sediments - new
S. Schlüter, T. Hennig, G. Janicki, G. Deerberg
Fraunhofer UMSICHT, Oberhausen, Germany
In the medium term, gas hydrate reservoirs in the subsea sediment are intended as deposits for carbon dioxide (CO2) from fossil fuel consumption. This idea is supported by the fact, that CO2 hydrates are more stable than methane hydrates at certain conditions. The potential of producing methane by depressurization and/or by injecting CO2 is studied in the frame of the research project SUGAR. ...
Y. T. Habtemichael, R. T. Kiflemariam, H. R. Fuentes
Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA
Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA
Seawater intrusion into coastal aquifers is usually modeled by using transport models that include account for the effect of variable-density on flow. Variable-density models can be validated with the Henry and Elder benchmark problems. However, when mixed convective flow is simulated under variable density conditions, it is susceptible to physical and numerical instabilities. The purpose of ...
Modeling of the Heat Transfer Between a CO2 Sequestration Well and the Surrounding Geological Formation
B. Sponagle, M. Amadu, D. Groulx, and M. Pegg
Mechanical Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
Process Engineering and Applied Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
In a carbon sequestration system CO2 would be pumped down a well and into a reservoir at supercritical temperatures and pressures. An important consideration is the long term stability of the reservoir. The goal of these simulations is to thermally model the injection well and investigate the temperature gradient developed in the cap rock. Ultimately, results from this study will lead to an ...