Articles techniques et présentations

Ici vous trouverez les présentations issues des Conférences COMSOL à travers le monde. Réalisées par des utilisateurs de COMSOL Multiphysics, ces présentations explorent tous les domaines actuels d'innovation. Les applications couvrent pratiquement tous les secteurs industriels et impliquent des phénomènes électriques, mécaniques, fluidiques et chimiques. Utilisez la recherche rapide pour trouver les présentations les plus intéressantes dans votre domaine d'intérêt.

Estimation of Localized O2 Starvation Using 3D Modelling for PEM Fuel Cells

Ramesh P[1], S.P Duttagupta[1]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Bombay,Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Air breathing proton exchange membrane fuel cells have now found its use in wide range of domestic and commercial energy based applications. Optimization of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell system parameters and its safer operation under dynamic conditions ensure higher system output and longer device lifetime. Ensuring safety against oxygen starvation reduces the degradation of membrane ...

Analysis on Reaction Mechanism and Kinetics of CVD using COMSOL Multiphysics®

Yudai SUZUKI[1]

[1]The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) is widely used in various fields including the fabrication of electronic devices due to its uniform film formation capability on the large-scale wafers and the minute 3D structures. In CVD, precursors (metal compounds) are commonly reacted in gas-phase as well as on the substrate to yield a film, and thereby it is rather difficult to reveal the reaction mechanism ...

Interaction between Light Wave and Asymmetric Metal/Insulator/Metal (MM) Structure Coupled with Subwavelength Holes at Optical Fiber Apex

Yasushi OSHIKANE[1]

[1]Osaka University, Suita, Osaka, Japan

Electromagnetic simulation of light wave interaction at around a tip of single mode optical fiber, which is formed of circular truncated cone shape, has been studied numerically by COMSOL Multiphysics and the RF Module (and Wave Optics Module). The fiber tip has specific nanostructure of asymmetric metal/insulator/metal (MIM) layers coupled with subwavelength holes. Behavior of surface plasmon ...

Modelling of Heat and Moisture Transport in a Corrugated Board Stack - new

M. Xynou[1]
[1]KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden

Corrugated board is produced on a machine where the corrugated medium is glued between two flat paper surfaces, the liners. The board is cut into sheets and stored in a stack until suitable moisture content has been reached. The sheets are then cut and creased into blanks for the production of boxes and other products. If the moisture content is too high, there is a risk for cutting problems in ...

Sensitivity Analysis for High Temperature Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell - new

A. Lele[1], N. Lodha[1], R. Srivastava[1], U. Bipinlal[1], A. Pandey[2], A. Paul[3]
[1]CSIR - National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, Maharashtra, India
[2]Reliance Industries Ltd., Reliance Technology Group, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
[3]CSIR - Central Electrochemical Research Institute, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

A Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) is an electrochemical device, which converts a part of heat from the formation of water into electricity. Each cell has a Membrane-Electrode Assembly (MEA) which is placed between two electrically conducting plates having gas flow channels. An MEA is made of a solid proton-conducting electrolyte sandwiched between two electrodes (anode and cathode). ...

Study of Pull-In Voltage in MEMS Actuators

P. D. Hanasi[1], B. G. Sheeparamatti[1], B. B. Kirankumar[1]
[1]Basaveshwar Engineering College, Bagalkot, Karnataka, India

Micro cantilevers are the basic MEMS structures, which can be used both as sensors and actuators. The . The objective of this work is to study concept of pull-in voltage and how to reduce the same. Voltage is applied to upper cantilever beam and lower contact electrode is made as ground. By increasing common area between cantilever beam and contact electrode, and also by reducing thickness of the ...

Local Electroporation of Single Adherent Cells by Micro-Structured Needle Electrodes

K. K. Sriperumbudur[1], P. J. Koester[1], M. Stubbe[1], C. Tautorat[1], J. Held[2], W. Baumann[1], and J. Gimsa[1]
[1] University of Rostock, Chair of Biophysics, Gertrudenstr. 11a, 18057 Rostock, Germany
[2] Microsystem Material Laboratory, Department of Microsystems Engineering (IMTEK), University of Freiburg, Germany

In spite of its low throughput, Patch-Clamp is the established method for intracellular measurements of the transmembrane potential. To address this problem, we have developed new biosensor-chips with micro-structured needle electrodes (MNEs). MNE-penetration of single cells growing on the MNE-tips leads to a situation comparable to the whole-cell mode in classical Patch Clamp. MNE-penetration ...

An All-Purpose Full-Vectorial Finite Element Model for Arbitrarily Shaped Crossed-Gratings

G. Demésy[1], F. Zolla[1], A. Nicolet[1], and M. Commandré[1]
[1]Institut Fresnel, Université Aix-Marseille III, École Centrale de Marseille, France

We demonstrate the accuracy of the Finite Element Method (FEM) to characterize an arbitrarily shaped crossed-grating in a multilayered stack illuminated by an arbitrarily polarized plane wave under oblique incidence. To our knowledge, this is the first time that 3D diffraction efficiencies are calculated using the FEM. The method has been validated using classical cases found in the literature. ...

Finite Element Analysis of an Enzymatic Biofuel Cell: The Orientations of a chip inside a blood artery

C. Wang[1], Y. Parikh[1], Y. Song[1], and J. Yang[1]
[1]Mechanical & Materials Science Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, USA

Output performance of an implantable enzymatic biofuel cell (EBFC) with three- dimensional highly dense micro-electrode arrays has been simulated with a finite element analysis approach. The purpose of this research is to optimize the orientation of this EBFC chip inside a blood artery such that the mass transport of glucose around all the micro-electrodes can be improved and hence output ...

Electro Magnetic Wave Simulation in Fusion Plasmas

O. Meneghini[1], and S. Shiraiwa[1]
[1]Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Massachusetts, USA

Fusion is a form of nuclear energy which has impressive advantages from the point of view of fuel reserves, environmental impact and safety. If successful, fusion energy would ensure a safe, resource conserving, environmentally friendly power supply for future generations. In a world wide cooperation to achieve this goal, seven parties including Europe, Japan, Russia, USA, China, South-Korea and ...

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