C. Taxén, and D. Persson
Swerea-Kimab, Stockholm, Sweden
Corrosion of metals in confined zones is a big industrial problem. The electrochemistry of such localized corrosion processes is complicated by the impact of the corrosion processes on the composition of the local solution. In the present problem, local interaction with the atmosphere causes uptake of O2 and CO2 and evaporation of water from the initially dilute NaCl-solution. This model ...
O. Kiriyenko, W. Hergert, S. Wackerow, M. Beleites, and H. Graener
Inst. für Physik, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Germany
Glass containing nanoparticles is a promising material for various photonic applications due to the unique optical properties mainly resulting from the strong surface plasmon resonance (SPR) of the silver nanoparticles. The characteristics of the resonance can be modified by varying size, shape and concentration of the particles. A finite element method (FEM) implemented in the software COMSOL ...
Study of a Self Heating Process of Tetrafluoroethylene by the Exothermic Dimerization Reaction to Octafluorocyclobutane
M. Beckmann-Kluge, H. Krause, V. Schröder, A. Acikalin, and J. Steinbach
Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Berlin, Germany
Technical University Berlin, Berlin, Germany
The self heating process of Tetrafluoroethylene caused by an exothermic dimerization reaction was studied. The heat of reaction can lead to a thermal explosion by the decomposition of the Tetrafluoroethylene. Different reaction kinetics, including multistep kinetics, were used to describe the mass balance. The COMSOL Chemical Engineering Module was used to perform the simulation which was ...
Temperature Excursions at the Pulp-Dentin Junction during the Curing of Light-Activated Dental Restorations
M. Jakubinek[1,2], C. Neill, C. Felix, R. Price[2,3], M. White[1,2]
Departments of Chemistry and Physics, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
Institute for Research in Materials, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
Department of Dental Clinical Sciences, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
Heat produced during the curing of light-activated dental restorations could damage the dental pulp. Given the prevalence of composite restorations and the importance of avoiding injury to the pulp, efforts should be made to minimize the temperature increase that occurs at the pulp-dentin junction during light-curing. In this investigation we develop and evaluate a COMSOL Multiphysics FEM tooth ...
Smiths Detection (Watford) Ltd, Watford, UK
This paper presents results on the visualisation of tracks of charged particles in a non-uniform magnetic field. The field modelled is that generated by a coil driven by DC current. The motion of typical particles, such as electrons, ions and multiply-charged heavy particles has been simulated. The motion is initially assumed to be in vacuum, so that collisions with neutral particles can ...
J. Wirth, S. Jack, M. Köhl, and K.-A. Weiß
Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE, Freiburg, Germany
The key issues of the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems are research and development of solar technologies for the fast growing market of solar energy. This paper presents examples of the usage of COMSOL Multiphysics: The ingress of water is a serious reason for the degradation of photovoltaic modules which can hardly be measured using experimental approaches yet. Therefore, a ...
Extraction of Phenolic Compound from Grape Fruit. A Comparison Between a 3D FEM Model and Experimental Results
E. Madieta, I. Zouid, R. Siret, and F. Jourjon
Laboratoire GRAPPE, ESA, Angers, France
Fresh fruits and vegetables are gaining importance in the human diet because they contain many beneficial compounds. Among these compounds, phenols are of vital importance due to their antioxidant properties. It is well evident from previous researches that the skin of red grapes is considered a good source of phenols. The aim of this work is to simulate the extraction procedure of phenols in ...
M. Qin, and H. Bau
Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, University of Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania, USA
The paper presents and compares two models for simulating magneto-hydrodynamic flow of RedOx electrolyte in a conduit patterned with circular pillars. The first model solves the coupled Nernst-Planck and Navier-Stokes equations subjected to Butler-Volmer electrode kinetics and provides detailed information on ions’ concentrations. The second model treats the electrolyte as a conductor, and ...
S. Takahashi, S. Ogata
Tokyo Metropolitan University Hachioji City, Tokyo, Japan
We studied the influence of a number of gas-liquid interface on the drag reduction effect by numeric simulation. Level set method was used for an analysis of gas-liquid interface. The analytic model is rectangular channel of height h = 5 micrometer and width w = 20 micrometer with two hydrophobic microstructures in bottom of channel. In this channel, we found that the liquid penetrates in the ...
Sanidhya Painuli, Jayasankar Variyar
Vellore Institute Of Technology, School of Mechanical and Building Sciences, Vandalur Kelambakkam Road, Chennai, India
The study of interaction of fluid with matter assumes great significance for most engineering applications. The flow can be either turbulent or laminar, and different types of interactions arise out of these flow. In the introductory undergraduate course of fluid mechanics, a typical demonstration for these interactions is the Reynolds pipe flow experiment. Instabilities of various types like ...