Cross Method of Nanoscale Modeling and Macroscopic Data to Estimate Anion Effective Diffusion Coefficient in Argillite
N. Diaz1, F. Goutelard1, and P.Turq2
1CEA/DEN/DPC/SECR/L3MR, CEN Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
2LI2C, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
Based on a mechanistical understanding of solute migration in pure clay at nanometric scale, a model has been developed to evaluate the effective diffusion coefficient De in clay-rocks at the centimetre scale from the description of the mineralogy (and its heterogeneity) of the rock at the micrometer scale.
Modeling the Coupled Heat and Mass Transfer during Fires in Stored Biomass, Coal and Recycling Deposits
F. Ferrero, M. Malow, A. Berger, and U. Krause
Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und prüfung (BAM), Berlin, Germany
In this paper, advances in the development of a numerical model for predicting the possibility of self-ignition in stored biomass, coal heaps or underground seams and dump deposits are presented. Results from the performed simulations are compared with experimental data. Finally, some conclusions and the possibilities for future work are drawn.
J.-M. Barois, and C. Goulmy
PHOTONIS, Brive, France
Streak tubes are widely used in high-speed signal analysis; they give spatial, temporal and intensity information about one single event. Time resolutions of 0.7 pico-second can be achieved and in that time-domain, PHOTONIS tubes are second-to-none.Applications are numerous and range from plasma physic to femtosecond laser applications. In streak tubes, electrons move from the photocathode to the ...
C. Hunyar, E. Räuchle, L. Alberts, R. Emmerich, M. Graf, M. Kaiser, and K.-D. Nauenburg
Dept. of Polymer Engineering/Microwave and Plasma, Fraunhofer-Institut Chemische Technologie (ICT), Pfinztal, Germany
Dense plasma can be produced by microwave (2.45 GHz) exited surface waves in a Plasmaline plasma source. This configuration allows one to generate large area plasmas (>1m2), which are well suited for technological applications, e.g., deposition of thin films, surface etching and cleaning in integrated circuit production, disinfection in medical applications, or plasma treatment of waste gases. ...
Teaching Computer-aided Modeling of Biomedical Processes in an Upper Level Undergraduate Course using COMSOL Multiphysics
V. Rakesh, and A. K. Datta
Dept. of Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
Computer-Aided Engineering: Applications to Biomedical Processes is a three credit course intended for seniors and juniors in Biological Engineering and Mechanical Engineering at Cornell University with a class size of about 50-55 students.The course introduces finite element modeling using COMSOL Multiphysics to solve biological/biomedical problems to students with a background in transport ...
E. H. Ooi, and E. Ng Yin Kwee
School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
In this presentation, abnormalities in the human eye are studied. The outline for the presentation is:Background of the ResearchModel DevelopmentSteady state solution of a normal eyeEffects of aqueous humor hydrodynamics on the temperature distribution inside the human eyeSummary
T. Verdot, and M. Collet
Dept. of Applied Mechanics, FEMTO-ST Institute, Besançon, France
Nowadays, lightweight materials are widely used to reduce weight and increase available space in moving structures such as cars or aircraft. However, they constitute an intense vibrating environment that can strongly affect the operation of embedded micro-transducers such as frequency generators or inertial sensors. To alleviate this problem, we propose the concept of a Micro-Active Suspension ...
A. Weddemann, A. Auge, F. Wittbracht, S. Herth, A. Hütten
Bielefeld University, Germany
Particle-particle interactions are usually neglected when considering the behaviour of magnetic particle's so called magnetic beads in e.g. a microfluidic device. However, if the particle density exceeds a critical limit, this assumption might not lead to proper results anymore. In this paper the particle-particle interaction of magnetic beads in an external magnetic field will be discussed. It ...
Hemodynamic Therapy of Middle Cerebral Artery Vasospasm Guided by a Multiphase Model of Oxygen Transport
S. Conrad[1,2], P. Chittiboina, and B. Guthikonda
Department of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, LA, USA
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Louisiana Tech University, Ruston, LA, USA
Department of Neurosurgery, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, LA, USA
Cerebral vasospasm is a complication of subarachnoid hemorrhage and other neurosurgical emergencies that reduce blood flow to the brain. Part of the approach to management of vasospasm is to improve flow through the stenotic areas by reducing by decreasing blood viscosity and enhancing flow through the stenosis. To examine the interaction of these factors, we applied computational fluid dynamics ...
Towards the Modeling of Microgalvanic Corrosion in Aluminum Alloys: the Choice of Boundary Conditions
N. Murer, N. Missert, and R. Bucchheit
Fontana Corrosion Center, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM, USA
Aluminum alloys in near-neutral, mildly aggressive solutions, undergo damage accumulation during corrosion, mostly due to the presence of micrometer-sized constituent intermetallic particles (IMP) that create a microstructural discontinuity at which localized corrosion occurs. The Nernst-Planck equation with electroneutrality is used to simulate current and pH distributions resulting from ...